Why did occidental modernity fail in the Arab Middle East: the failed modern state?

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dc.contributor.advisor Cottey, Andrew en
dc.contributor.author Aziz, Sardar
dc.date.accessioned 2018-03-16T12:50:04Z
dc.date.available 2018-03-16T12:50:04Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.date.submitted 2011
dc.identifier.citation Aziz, S. 2011. Why did occidental modernity fail in the Arab Middle East: the failed modern state?. PhD Thesis, University College Cork. en
dc.identifier.endpage 261 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/5629
dc.description.abstract This thesis asks a straightforward but nevertheless a complex question, that is: Why did modernity fail in the Arab Middle East? The notion of modernity in this thesis signifies the occidental modernity which reached the region in many different forms and through various channels. This occidental modernity had an impact on many areas and changed the societies and politics of the region. But these changes stopped short of reaching modernity, in other words it failed to change the society from traditional to modem. The failure of the emergence of a modem society in the region has been a puzzle for those who work on the Middle East. There are plethora of theories, concepts and models attempting to demystify this puzzle. This thesis regards the emerged form of the States and the sovereign in the region as the prime cause behind this failure. The thesis advances a new way of conceptualising statehood and politics in the Middle East: the Failed Modem State (FMS). The key features of the FMS are as follows: the sovereign is the state; both modem and traditional elements are utilised by the state elites; the territory of the state is a space where roles and functions of everything changes. The main features which distinguish the FMS analysis from other analyses of the Middle East are as follows: it does not emphases' one area or aspect; it shows how both modem and traditional tools are necessary for the survival of the State; the Failed Modem State is neither modem nor traditional and resists being either. The FMS mages to reduce both modernity and traditional aspects into tools, this enables the FMS sovereigns to utilise both as instruments. Modem and traditional forces used by the FMS to balance the power, to justify acts, divide society and being able to rule it and conquer it. This makes reform and change difficult if not impossible. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher University College Cork en
dc.rights © 2011,Sardar Aziz . en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ en
dc.subject Middle East en
dc.subject Arab Middle East en
dc.subject Occidental modernity en
dc.title Why did occidental modernity fail in the Arab Middle East: the failed modern state? en
dc.type Doctoral thesis en
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en
dc.type.qualificationname PhD (Commerce) en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.check.info No embargo required en
dc.description.version Accepted Version
dc.description.status Not peer reviewed en
dc.internal.school Government en
dc.check.type No Embargo Required
dc.check.reason No embargo required en
dc.check.opt-out Not applicable en
dc.thesis.opt-out true
dc.check.embargoformat Not applicable en
dc.internal.conferring Spring 2011 en


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© 2011,Sardar Aziz . Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2011,Sardar Aziz .
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