The composition of captive ruffed lemur (Varecia spp.) diets in UK zoological collections, with reference to the problems of obesity and iron storage disease

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Caravaggi, Anthony
dc.contributor.author Plowman, Amy
dc.contributor.author Wright, David J.
dc.contributor.author Bishop, Charles M.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-05-24T11:08:54Z
dc.date.available 2018-05-24T11:08:54Z
dc.date.issued 2018-04-30
dc.identifier.citation Caravaggi, A. Plowman, A., Wright, D. J. and Bishop, C. M. (2018) ‘The composition of captive ruffed lemur (Varecia spp.) diets in UK zoological collections, with reference to the problems of obesity and iron storage disease’, Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research, 6(2), pp. 41-49. doi: 10.19227/jzar.v6i2.301 en
dc.identifier.volume 6 en
dc.identifier.issued 2 en
dc.identifier.startpage 41 en
dc.identifier.endpage 49 en
dc.identifier.issn 2214-7594
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/6184
dc.identifier.doi 10.19227/jzar.v6i2.301
dc.description.abstract The formulation and provision of appropriate captive diets for zoo animals is important in ensuring the continued health of populations. Inappropriate diets can lead to a number of nutritional deficiencies and increase the risk of disease and obesity. Ruffed lemurs are the most intensely frugivorous of extant lemur species. Captive animals, however, are often fed a diet which may not accurately reflect the composition of the wild diet. As such, the species is prone to obesity and can suffer from nutrition-related diseases. Here we describe the historical diets of several captive populations of ruffed lemurs in the UK, describing differences in nutritional content with a particular focus on the problems of obesity and iron storage disease. Dietary data were collected from six zoological institutions. Comparative analyses were conducted to investigate differences in the amount metabolisable energy, carbohydrates, sugar and iron provisioned per individual, between institutions. The results showed that the composition of captive ruffed lemur diets, and the amount of food offered, differed between institutions. All dietary analytes showed significant variation, with metabolisable energy exceeding suggested maintenance energy requirements at all institutions. One population was found to be obese, and two institutions reported mortalities where excessive iron accumulation and iron storage disease was observed. These data represent an important addition to the literature as they describe historical inconsistencies in the diets of captive ruffed lemurs. Given the degree of variation in diet, morphology, physiology, and oro-rectal through-time amongst nonhuman primates, and the evidence of obesity and disease presented herein, the development of species-specific diets is long overdue. Zoos can use our data to inform the development of appropriate contemporary diets, thus improving captive ruffed lemur condition and wellbeing. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA) en
dc.relation.uri http://www.jzar.org/jzar/article/view/301/240
dc.rights © 2018 the authors. Published under a Creative Commons Attribution License, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ en
dc.subject Fruit en
dc.subject Vegetables en
dc.subject Primates en
dc.subject Frugivores en
dc.subject Husbandry en
dc.subject Disease en
dc.title The composition of captive ruffed lemur (Varecia spp.) diets in UK zoological collections, with reference to the problems of obesity and iron storage disease en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Anthony Caravaggi, Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: anthony.caravaggi@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.description.version Published Version en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress anthony.caravaggi@ucc.ie en


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

© 2018 the authors. Published under a Creative Commons Attribution License, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2018 the authors. Published under a Creative Commons Attribution License, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
This website uses cookies. By using this website, you consent to the use of cookies in accordance with the UCC Privacy and Cookies Statement. For more information about cookies and how you can disable them, visit our Privacy and Cookies statement