Experiences and recommendations in deploying a real-time, water quality monitoring system

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dc.contributor.author Regan, Fiona
dc.contributor.author O'Flynn, Brendan
dc.contributor.author Lawlor, Antoin
dc.contributor.author Wallace, John
dc.contributor.author Torres-Sanchez, Javier
dc.contributor.author Ó Mathúna, S. Cian
dc.date.accessioned 2012-07-26T11:34:57Z
dc.date.available 2012-07-26T11:34:57Z
dc.date.issued 2010-10
dc.identifier.citation B O'Flynn, F Regan, A Lawlor, J Wallace, J Torres and C O'Mathuna (2010) 'Experiences and recommendations in deploying a real-time, water quality monitoring system'. Measurement Science &Technology, 21 (12) 124004 doi:10.1088/0957-0233/21/12/124004. en
dc.identifier.volume 21 en
dc.identifier.issued 12 en
dc.identifier.startpage 124004 en
dc.identifier.issn 0957-0233
dc.identifier.issn 1361-6501
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/644
dc.identifier.doi 10.1088/0957-0233/21/12/124004
dc.description.abstract Monitoring of water quality at a river basin level to meet the requirements of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) using conventional sampling and laboratory-based techniques poses a significant financial burden. Wireless sensing systems offer the potential to reduce these costs considerably, as well as provide more useful, continuous monitoring capabilities by giving an accurate idea of the changing environmental and water quality in real time. It is unlikely that the traditional spot/grab sampling will provide a reasonable estimate of the true maximum and/or mean concentration for a particular physicochemical variable in a water body with marked temporal variability. When persistent fluctuations occur, it is likely only to be detected through continuous measurements, which have the capability of detecting sporadic peaks of concentration. Thus, in situ sensors capable of continuous sampling of parameters required under the WFD would therefore provide more up-to-date information, cut monitoring costs and provide better coverage representing long-term trends in fluctuations of pollutant concentrations. DEPLOY is a technology demonstration project, which began planning and station selection and design in August 2008 aiming to show how state-of-the-art technology could be implemented for cost-effective, continuous and real-time monitoring of a river catchment. The DEPLOY project is seen as an important building block in the realization of a wide area autonomous network of sensors capable of monitoring the spatial and temporal distribution of important water quality and environmental target parameters. The demonstration sites chosen are based in the River Lee, which flows through Ireland's second largest city, Cork, and were designed to include monitoring stations in five zones considered typical of significant river systems-these monitor water quality parameters such as pH, temperature, depth, conductivity, turbidity and dissolved oxygen. Over one million data points have been collected since the multi-sensor system was deployed in May 2009. Extreme meteorological events have occurred during the period of deployment and the collection of real-time water quality data as well as the knowledge, experience and recommendations for future deployments are discussed. en
dc.description.sponsorship Science Foundation Ireland (CSET - Centre for Science, Engineering and Technology, grant 07/CE/I1147); Science Foundation Ireland (National Access Programme) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher IOP Publishing Ltd. en
dc.relation.uri http://stacks.iop.org/MST/21/124004
dc.rights © 2010 IOP Publishing Ltd en
dc.subject Multi-sensor system en
dc.subject Real-time monitoring en
dc.subject Water quality en
dc.subject Biofouling en
dc.subject Maintenance en
dc.subject Deployment en
dc.subject.lcsh Wireless sensor networks en
dc.title Experiences and recommendations in deploying a real-time, water quality monitoring system en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorurl http://www.tyndall.ie en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Brendan O'Flynn, Tyndall Microsystems, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: brendan.oflynn@tyndall.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.date.updated 2012-07-26T11:20:51Z
dc.description.version Accepted Version en
dc.internal.rssid 70046558
dc.internal.wokid 000284261900006
dc.contributor.funder Enterprise Ireland en
dc.contributor.funder Environmental Protection Agency en
dc.contributor.funder Higher Education Authority en
dc.contributor.funder Marine Institute en
dc.contributor.funder Science Foundation Ireland en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Measurement Science &Technology en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Yes en
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en


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