Assessment and treatment of short-term and working memory impairments in stroke aphasia - a practical tutorial

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Salis, Christos
dc.contributor.author Kelly, Helen
dc.contributor.author Code, Chris
dc.date.accessioned 2018-12-17T10:24:11Z
dc.date.available 2018-12-17T10:24:11Z
dc.date.issued 2015-06-30
dc.identifier.citation Salis, C., Kelly, H. and Code, C. (2015) 'Assessment and treatment of short-term and working memory impairments in stroke aphasia - a practical tutorial', International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 50, pp. 721-736. doi:10.1111/1460-6984.12172 en
dc.identifier.volume 50 en
dc.identifier.startpage 721 en
dc.identifier.endpage 736 en
dc.identifier.issn 1368-2822
dc.identifier.issn 1460-6984
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/7228
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/1460-6984.12172
dc.description.abstract Background: Aphasia following stroke refers to impairments that affect the comprehension and expression of spoken and/or written language, and co‐occurring cognitive deficits are common. In this paper we focus on short‐term and working memory impairments that impact on the ability to retain and manipulate auditory–verbal information. Evidence from diverse paradigms (large group studies, case studies) report close links between short‐term/working memory and language functioning in aphasia. This evidence leads to the hypothesis that treating such memory impairments would improve language functioning. This link has only recently been acknowledged in aphasia treatment but has not been embraced widely by clinicians. Aims: To examine the association between language, and short‐term and working memory impairments in aphasia. To describe practical ways of assessing short‐term and working memory functioning that could be used in clinical practice. To discuss and critically appraise treatments of short‐term and working memory reported in the literature. Methods & Procedures: Taking a translational research approach, this paper provides clinicians with current evidence from the literature and practical information on how to assess and treat short‐term and working memory impairments in people with aphasia. Published treatments of short‐term and/or working memory in post‐stroke aphasia are discussed through a narrative review. Main Contributions: This paper provides the following. A theoretical rationale for adopting short‐term and working memory treatments in aphasia. It highlights issues in differentially diagnosing between short‐term, working memory disorders and other concomitant impairments, e.g. apraxia of speech. It describes short‐term and working memory assessments with practical considerations for use with people with aphasia. It also offers a description of published treatments in terms of participants, treatments and outcomes. Finally, it critically appraises the current evidence base relating to the treatment of short‐term and working memory treatments. Conclusions: The links between short‐term/working memory functioning and language in aphasia are generally acknowledged. These strongly indicate the need to incorporate assessment of short‐term/working memory functioning for people with aphasia. While the supportive evidence for treatment is growing and appears to highlight the benefits of including short‐term/working memory in aphasia treatment, the quality of the evidence in its current state is poor. However, because of the clinical needs of people with aphasia and the prevalence of short‐term/working memory impairments, incorporating related treatments through practice‐based evidence is advocated. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher John Wiley & Sons, Inc. en
dc.rights © 2015, Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Salis, C., Kelly, H. and Code, C. (2015) 'Assessment and treatment of short-term and working memory impairments in stroke aphasia - a practical tutorial', International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 50, pp. 721-736. doi:10.1111/1460-6984.12172, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/1460-6984.12172 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving. en
dc.subject Stroke en
dc.subject Aphasia en
dc.subject Short-term memory en
dc.subject Working memory en
dc.subject Assessment en
dc.subject Treatment en
dc.title Assessment and treatment of short-term and working memory impairments in stroke aphasia - a practical tutorial en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Helen Kelly, Speech And Hearing Sciences, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: helen.kelly@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.date.updated 2018-12-17T10:15:50Z
dc.description.version Accepted Version en
dc.internal.rssid 279397124
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Yes en
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress helen.kelly@ucc.ie en


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

This website uses cookies. By using this website, you consent to the use of cookies in accordance with the UCC Privacy and Cookies Statement. For more information about cookies and how you can disable them, visit our Privacy and Cookies statement