Diagnostic reference levels for paediatric CT in Jordan

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Date
2019-08-28
Authors
Mohammad, Rawashdeh
Mostafa, Abdelrahman
Maha, Zaitoun
Charbel, Saade
Alewaidat, Haytham A.
McEntee, Mark F.
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IOP Publishing
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Abstract
This study aimed to investigate the current status of Diagnostic Reference Levels (DRL) in paediatric CT across Jordan. The dose data for four main CT examinations (brain, chest, abdominopelvic, and Chest, Abdomen and Pelvis (CAP)) in hospitals and imaging centres (n = 4) were measured. The volume CT dose index (CTDIvol) and Dose Length Product (DLP) values were compared within the different hospitals and age groups (<1 year, 1-4 years, 5-10 years and 11-18 years). DRL in Jordan were compared to international DRLs. The paediatric population consisted of 1,818 children; 61.4% of them were male. There were significant variations between the DRLs for each CT scanner with an up to four-fold difference in dose between hospitals. There were apparent significant differences between Jordan and other countries with the DLPs in Jordan being relatively high. However, for CTDIvol, the values in Jordan were close to those of other countries. This study confirmed variations in the CTDIvol and DLP values of paediatric CT scans in Jordan. These variations were attributed to the different protocols and equipment used. There is a need to optimise paediatric CT examinations doses in Jordan.
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Keywords
Radiation dose , Optimisation , CTDIvol , DLP
Citation
Mohammad, R., Mostafa, A., Maha, Z., Charbel, S., Alewaidat, H. A. and McEntee, M. F. (2019) 'Diagnostic reference levels for paediatric CT in Jordan', Journal of Radiological Protection. doi: 10.1088/1361-6498/ab3ee2