Applied Social Studies - Book chapters

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    Nightnography: We are not night creatures
    (Springer International Publishing, 2023-08-31) MacQuarie, Julius-Cezar
    CHAPTER TWO focuses on the experimental nature of nightnography, a method which focuses not only on the labouring bodies of workers, but also of the nightnographer. Nightnography, is a portmanteau of ‘night’ and ‘ethnography’, which I adapted from diurnal anthropology to research the bodily experiences of nightworkers who are otherwise hard to reach by daytime anthropologists. In doing so, I also subvert the dominant diurnal focus in anthropology and centre on the body of the anthropologist researching at night. This ‘situated’ approach is based on what I saw and felt in and through my body as I was exposed to hard labour to understand the deep, underthe- skin nature of migrant worker precarity. Thick observations and mental and body notes transcribed in notebooks following each night shift, make the corpus of the conversations, interviews and visual recordings used in this chapter and throughout the book. The audio-visual tools offer new possibilities for the inclusiveness of this group of migrant nightworkers. I am thankful to the co-workers who allowed me to enter their lives and put their real experiences onto the reel. Whilst I ensured to report stories and conversations as close to their actuality as possible, I made sure to change names and places so that I could protect the identity and confidentiality of those involved.
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    Young people, intergenerationality and the familial reproduction of transnational migrations and immobilities
    (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023-03-17) Ní Laoire, Caitríona
    This chapter explores the role of intergenerationality in migration, highlighting the ways in which migrations and im/mobilities unfold and reverberate over generations within families. It presents a discussion of existing literature together with findings from qualitative research (including a longitudinal component) with multigenerational transnational Irish families, in order to develop a conceptualisation of transgenerational reproduction of migration and im/mobilities. In particular, it explores the potential for transnationalism, diaspora and mobilities perspectives to shed light on these dynamics. The chapter focuses on how young people from migrant backgrounds engage with their familial migration histories and legacies as they forge their own life-paths. It argues that migrant family background shapes the structural possibilities and im/mobility dispositions of young people who grow up in migrant/transnational families, through intergenerational relations and transmission of capital.
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    Children's Research Advisory Groups: Moving from adult-research agendas to co-creation with children
    (Routledge, 2021-12-24) Horgan, Deirdre; Martin, Shirley
    This chapter focuses on Children's Research Advisory Groups (CRAGs) against the backdrop of participatory research with children and the increasing requirements to evidence research involvement by users of services for funding bodies. The authors will discuss capacity building as essential in working with CRAGs. Furthermore, they examine the potential role and contribution of CRAGs in co-constructing research methods, data analysis and research sharing drawing on two of their research projects (one Irish and one European) supported by CRAGs. The chapter concludes that while Children's Research Advisory Groups have the potential to contribute to deeper participation, they are not without their difficulties and limitations. They are costly and time consuming, may not always be appropriate and in some cases are tokenistic. A case is made for a pragmatic, flexible approach to help promote ethical practice.
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    Liberal welfare states
    (De Gruyter, 2022-09-06) Heins, Elke; Dukelow, Fiona
    This chapter discusses contemporary challenges for liberal welfare states. We first describe the key features of the liberal welfare regime from an ideal-type perspective. Then we discuss central developments in liberal welfare states. This over-view is mainly based on aggregate data covering a variety of specific social policy areas as well as data on social expenditure, poverty and inequality. Third, we analyse the extent to which liberal welfare states are prepared to cope with challenges including fiscal pressures due to demographic change, migration, the digitalisation of the labour market, climate change and the COVID-19 pandemic. We conclude by commenting on the questions these challenges raise for liberal welfare states in a post-pandemic context and the likelihood of any policy learning from the pandemic being realised.
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    Child protection and welfare systems in Ireland: continuities and discontinuities of the present
    (Springer, 2018-08-07) Burns, Kenneth; McGregor, Caroline
    This chapter provides an overview of the Irish child protection and welfare system, and examines continuities and discontinuities between the past and the present. 2012 is chosen as a pivotal change moment around which to critically examine current developments. This year is chosen due to seminal change events which occurred such as a referendum on the rights of the child and the publication of a report that led to the blueprint for the establishment of an independent Child and Family Agency in Ireland. We chart existing histories of child welfare and comment on significant trends and developments. Against the backdrop of this history, we discuss whether, almost 50 years on, the context, appetite for and investment in change, is to be realised in the biggest structural change to children’s services since the development of Community Care under the Health Act in 1970. In undertaking this analysis, we examine five themes: the establishment of a new Child and Family Agency (Tusla); Signs of Safety adopted as a new national child protection approach; changing trends in child welfare as demonstrated by recent statistics, retention rates for social workers in child protection; and dealing with retrospective child abuse disclosures, institutional abuse and Church-State relations.