Applied Social Studies - Book chapters

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    The Relationships and Sexuality Education (RSE) Review: Advancing student sexual citizenship in Ireland for the twenty-first century?
    (Springer Nature Ltd., 2023-11-01) Kiely, Elizabeth; Górnicka, Barbara; Doyle, Mark
    In this chapter, the concept of sexual citizenship (Evans, Sexual Citizenship: The Material Construction of Sexualities. London: Routledge, 1993) is elaborated and employed as a lens to analyse to what extent recent Irish policy developments and more specifically the National Council for Curriculum and Assessment (NCCA) Review of Relationships and Sexuality Education (RSE) (NCCA, Report on the Review of Relationships and Sexuality Education (RSE) in Primary and Post-primary Schools., 2019) indicate a shift away from a construction of the student’s sexual citizenship as a problematic citizenship in need of regulation and control. It is argued that while there are positive indicators that a more positive conception of the student as sexual citizen is evident in the NCCA review of RSE (NCCA, Report on the Review of Relationships and Sexuality Education (RSE) in Primary and Post-primary Schools., 2019), there are also clear indicators that the revised RSE curriculum is unlikely to trouble or move beyond normative conceptions of sexualities in significant ways. This means that the space to pursue the goals of equal and inclusive sexual citizenship in the revised RSE programme may still be limited.
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    Parental and professional perspectives on educational integration of migrant and refugee children in Ireland
    (Routledge, 2023-12-12) Martin, Shirley; Horgan, Deirdre; Maier, Reana; O'Riordan, Jacqui
    The aim of this paper is to explore qualitative research with Asylum-Seeking and Refugee Parents and Educational Professionals in Ireland and investigate the socio-educational integration of refugee and migrant children in their new schools. This work was undertaken as part of the larger ongoing EU Horizon2020 study ‘Integration Mapping of Refugee and Migrant Children’ (IMMERSE). This paper will focus on the findings from collaborative workshops and interviews with parents and educational professionals and will discuss many of the barriers migrant and refugee children face in Irish schools. The data from this research demonstrates some very positive findings in relation to socio-educational integration in schools in Ireland. It finds similarities between parents and professional perspectives on what supports positive integration in school for children including positive child-teacher relations and the importance of peer relationships. While the findings indicate that parents were positive about the general environment of schools in Ireland, and education supports such as extra classes, they also found it difficult to accessible additional educational supports for their children.
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    Refusing transitional time: Re-opening the unresolved truth and reconciliation commission cases and the future of memory in postapartheid South Africa
    (De Gruyter, 2023-10-04) Thomas, Kylie; Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen
    This chapter focuses on the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) and its aftermath, in particular, on the ongoing struggle to prosecute apartheid- era perpetrators who either did not testify before the Commission or who were not granted amnesty. Since 2003, when the final TRC report was released, none of the perpetrators responsible for gross violations of human rights committed during apartheid has been held to account. The unresolved cases of activists who were detained, tortured, and murdered by the Security Police have been systematically suppressed for political reasons. In 2017, as a result of campaigning by civil society organizations and family members of those who were killed, the inquest into the death of anti-apartheid activist, Ahmed Timol, was re-opened. The verdict in the 2017 inquest found that Timol, who allegedly committed suicide while held in police detention in 1971, was in fact tortured and murdered by the Security Police. The finding in this case not only opens the possibility for prosecutions in cases of gross violations of human rights, but provides a critical opportunity to recalibrate what I term ‘postapartheid transitional time.’ The re-opening of the unresolved TRC cases has the potential to radically shift how people think about what apartheid was, how it continues to affect the present, and how people experience and understand impunity and injustice.
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    Nightnography: We are not night creatures
    (Springer International Publishing, 2023-08-31) MacQuarie, Julius-Cezar
    CHAPTER TWO focuses on the experimental nature of nightnography, a method which focuses not only on the labouring bodies of workers, but also of the nightnographer. Nightnography, is a portmanteau of ‘night’ and ‘ethnography’, which I adapted from diurnal anthropology to research the bodily experiences of nightworkers who are otherwise hard to reach by daytime anthropologists. In doing so, I also subvert the dominant diurnal focus in anthropology and centre on the body of the anthropologist researching at night. This ‘situated’ approach is based on what I saw and felt in and through my body as I was exposed to hard labour to understand the deep, underthe- skin nature of migrant worker precarity. Thick observations and mental and body notes transcribed in notebooks following each night shift, make the corpus of the conversations, interviews and visual recordings used in this chapter and throughout the book. The audio-visual tools offer new possibilities for the inclusiveness of this group of migrant nightworkers. I am thankful to the co-workers who allowed me to enter their lives and put their real experiences onto the reel. Whilst I ensured to report stories and conversations as close to their actuality as possible, I made sure to change names and places so that I could protect the identity and confidentiality of those involved.
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    Young people, intergenerationality and the familial reproduction of transnational migrations and immobilities
    (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023-03-17) Ní Laoire, Caitríona
    This chapter explores the role of intergenerationality in migration, highlighting the ways in which migrations and im/mobilities unfold and reverberate over generations within families. It presents a discussion of existing literature together with findings from qualitative research (including a longitudinal component) with multigenerational transnational Irish families, in order to develop a conceptualisation of transgenerational reproduction of migration and im/mobilities. In particular, it explores the potential for transnationalism, diaspora and mobilities perspectives to shed light on these dynamics. The chapter focuses on how young people from migrant backgrounds engage with their familial migration histories and legacies as they forge their own life-paths. It argues that migrant family background shapes the structural possibilities and im/mobility dispositions of young people who grow up in migrant/transnational families, through intergenerational relations and transmission of capital.