An emergency-adaptive routing scheme for wireless sensor networks for building fire hazard monitoring

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Zeng, Yuanyuan
Sreenan, Cormac J.
Sitanayah, Lanny
Xiong, Naixue
Park, Jong Hyuk
Zheng, Guilin
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Fire hazard monitoring and evacuation for building environments is a novel application area for the deployment of wireless sensor networks. In this context, adaptive routing is essential in order to ensure safe and timely data delivery in building evacuation and fire fighting resource applications. Existing routing mechanisms for wireless sensor networks are not well suited for building fires, especially as they do not consider critical and dynamic network scenarios. In this paper, an emergency-adaptive, real-time and robust routing protocol is presented for emergency situations such as building fire hazard applications. The protocol adapts to handle dynamic emergency scenarios and works well with the routing hole problem. Theoretical analysis and simulation results indicate that our protocol provides a real-time routing mechanism that is well suited for dynamic emergency scenarios in building fires when compared with other related work.
Wireless sensor networks , Building fires , Real-time , Power adaptation
Zeng, Y., Sreenan, C. J., Sitanayah, L., Xiong, N., Park, J. H. and Zheng, G. (2011) 'An Emergency-Adaptive Routing Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks for Building Fire Hazard Monitoring', Sensors, 11(3), pp. 2899-2919. doi: 10.3390/s110302899