Applying international power quality standards for current harmonic distortion to wave energy converters and verified device emulators

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Kelly, James
Aldaiturriaga, Endika
Ruiz-Minguela, Pablo
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The push for carbon-free energy sources has helped encourage the development of the ocean renewable energy sector. As ocean renewable energy approaches commercial maturity, the industry must be able to prove it can provide clean electrical power of good quality for consumers. As part of the EU funded Open Sea Operating Experience to Reduce Wave Energy Cost (OPERA) project that is tasked with developing the wave energy sector, the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) developed electrical power quality standards for marine energy converters, which were applied to an oscillating water column (OWC). This was done both in the laboratory and in the real world. Precise electrical monitoring equipment was installed in the Mutriku Wave Power Plant in Spain and to an OWC emulator in the Lir National Ocean Test Facility at University College Cork in Ireland to monitor the electrical power of both. The electrical power generated was analysed for harmonic current distortion and the results were compared. The observations from sea trials and laboratory trials demonstrate that laboratory emulators can be used in early stage development to identify the harmonic characteristics of a wave energy converter.
Renewable energy , Ocean energy , Wave energy , Oscillating water column , Power quality , Current harmonic distortion , IEC standards , Modelling
Kelly, J., Aldaiturriaga, E. and Ruiz-Minguela, P. (2019) 'Applying International Power Quality Standards for Current Harmonic Distortion to Wave Energy Converters and Verified Device Emulators', Energies, 12(19), 3654. (21pp.) DOI: 10.3390/en12193654