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Tongue-palate contact timing during /s/ and /z/ in English.
Gibbon, Fiona E.
Although numerous studies have investigated supraglottal strategies for signalling voicing in fricatives, there is still no agreement about the precise characteristics of tongue-to-palate contact timing during voiced as opposed to voiceless fricatives. In this study we use electropalatography (EPG) to investigate articulatory and coarticulatory characteristics of tongue-to-palate contact timing during /s/ and /z/ in English. Five typically speaking participants, speakers of Southern British English, produced 500 trochaic words containing the intervocalic alveolar fricatives /s/ or /z/. The time between the start of the frication and the maximum contact at the place of articulation was expressed as a percentage of each fricative's total duration (time to target, TT).This measure was used to analyse articulatory and coarticulatory timing during /s/ and /z/. Data for absolute timing were also presented. The results showed that the time between the start of the frication and the maximum contact point was longer for /s/ than for /z/. This difference was consistent across speakers but was not significant for all of them. The results of the coarticulatory effects showed that the influence of vowel context on TT values for /s/ and /z/ did not differ significantly, but there was a tendency for /z/ to be more resistant to coarticulation effects than /s/.
Frication , Fricatives , EPG , Electropalatography , Supraglottal strategies , Tongue-to-palate contact patterns , Coarticulatory timing
Liker, M. & Gibbon, F.E. (2018) 'Tongue-Palate Contact Timing during /s/ and /z/ in English'. Phonetica, 75 (2), pp.110-13. doi: 10.1159/000479880
© 2018 S. Karger AG, Basel. This is the peer-reviewed but unedited manuscript version of the following article: Phonetica, 75(2), pp. 110-131. (DOI: 10.1159/000479880). The final, published version is available at https://www.karger.com/DOI/10.1159/000479880