The Byzantine eagle countermark: Creating a pseudo-consular coinage under the Heraclii?
This paper publishes two new examples of the use of the eagle countermark on folles struck before the reform of 539, and offers a new explanation for the use of this countermark: that it was used by Nicetas, the cousin of the future emperor Heraclius, as his forces advanced into Egypt and from there to Palestine in 610 in order to mark the change in authority from the military tyrant Phocas to the Heraclii as consuls.
Byzantine , Coin , Countermark , Eagle , Heraclii , Nicetas , Egypt , Palestine
Woods, D. (2015) 'The Byzantine eagle countermark: Creating a pseudo-consular coinage under the Heraclii?', Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies, 55(4), pp. 927-945.