Investigating the perceived benefits, barriers and beliefs towards physical activity in pregnancy among women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
Kearney, Patricia M.
Dunne, Fidelma P.
Walsh, J. C.
Irish Medical Organisation
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a growing concern and poses serious health risks to both mother and child1. The current study explores the psychological determinants of exercise behaviour in a sample of pregnant women with GDM. A cross-sectional survey design was employed to examine exercise behaviour, illness perceptions, perceived barriers and benefits, exercise beliefs, and exercise self-efficacy using validated questionnaires. A sample of 46 pregnant women was recruited from University College Hospital Galway, Letterkenny General Hospital, Cork University Hospital and Mayo General Hospital in Castlebar. Participant’s varied; age (22-44 years), body mass index (19-41). High mean scores for Personal Control (24.5) and Treatment Control (30.2) subscales indicated strongly held positive beliefs in relation to controllability of the illness. Total MET-min/week score was not related to any psychological variables. Analysis of the IPQ-R data revealed ‘diet’ (n=37, 80.4%) as the most referred to cause of diabetes. Exercise belief data identified “managing weight gain” (n= 21, 45.7%), and “losing baby weight” (n= 31, 67.4%) as the most frequent beliefs for engaging in physical activity during pregnancy and post pregnancy. Further research on the psychological determinants of physical activity behaviour among this population group is needed in order to create successful intervention strategies.
Pregnant women , Diabetes Mellitus
Hurst, C., Flannery, C., Byrne, M., Kearney, P. M., Dunne, F., O'Riordan, M. and Walsh, J. C. (2017) 'Investigating the perceived benefits, barriers and beliefs towards physical activity in pregnancy among women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus', Irish Medical Journal, 110(8), 617 (10pp). doi:10147/622573
© 2017, Irish Medical Journal. All rights reserved.