Dynamically reconfigurable long-reach PONs for high capacity access

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Carey, Daniel
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University College Cork
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Fibre-to-the-Premises (FTTP) is currently seen as the ultimate in high-speed transmission technologies for delivering ubiquitous bandwidth to customers. However, as the deployment of network infrastructure requires a substantial investment, the main obstacle to fibre deployment is that of financial viability. With this in mind, a logical strategy to offset network costs is to optimise the infrastructure in order to capture a greater amount of customers over larger areas with increased sharing of network resources. This approach prompted the design of a long-reach passive optical network (LR-PON) in which the physical reach and split of a conventional PON is significantly increased through the use of intermediate optical amplification. In particular, the LR-PON architecture effectively integrates the metro and access networks enabling the majority of local exchange sites to be bypassed resulting in a substantial reduction in field equipment requirements and power consumption. Furthermore, the extension in physical reach and split can be coupled with an increased information capacity through the use of time- and wavelength division multiplexing (TWDM) which serve to exploit the large bandwidth capabilities offered by single-mode fibre. In this project, reconfigurable TWDM LR-PON architectures which dynamically exploit the wavelength domain are proposed, assembled and characterised in order to establish an economically viable ‘open access’ environment that is capable of concurrently supporting multiple operators offering converged services (residential, business and mobile) to support diverse customer requirements and locations. The main investigations in this work address the key physical layer challenges within such wavelength-agile networks. In particular, a range of experimental analysis has been carried out in order to realise the critical component technologies which include low-cost, 10G-capable, wavelength-tuneable transmitters for mass-market residential deployment and the development of gain-stabilised optical amplifier nodes to support the targeted physical reach (≥ 100km) and split (≥ 512). Finally, the feasibility of the proposed dynamically reconfigurable LR-PON configurations as a flexible and cost-effective solution for future access networks is verified through full-scale network demonstrations using an experimental laboratory test-bed.
Photonics , Long-reach passive optical networks , Optical access , Fibre-to-the-premises , Dense wavelength division multiplexing , Time division multiplexing , Tuneable semiconductor lasers
Carey, D. 2019. Dynamically reconfigurable long-reach PONs for high capacity access. PhD Thesis, University College Cork.