Environmental quality assessment of groundwater resources in Al Jabal Al Akhdar, Sultanate of Oman

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Al-Kalbani, Mohammed Saif
Price, Martin F.
Ahmed, Mushtaque
Abahussain, Asma
O'Higgins, Timothy
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Springer International Publishing AG
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The research was conducted to assess the quality of groundwater resources of Al Jabal Al Akhdar, Oman. 11 drinking water sources were sampled during summer and winter seasons during 2012–2013 to evaluate their physico-chemical quality indicators; and assess their suitability for drinking and other domestic purposes. Sample collection, handling and processing followed the standard methods recommended by APHA and analyzed in quality assured laboratories using appropriate analytical methods and instrumental techniques. The results show that the quality parameters in all drinking water resources are within the permissible limits set by Omani and WHO standards; and the drinking water quality index is good or medium in quality based on NFS-WQI classification criteria, indicating their suitability for human consumption. There is an indication of the presence of high nitrate concentrations in some groundwater wells, which require more investigations and monitoring program to be conducted on regular basis to ensure good quality water supply for the residents in the mountain. The trilinear Piper diagram shows that most of the drinking water resources of the study area fall in the field of calcium and bicarbonate type with some magnesium bicarbonate type indicating that most of the major ions are natural in origin due to the geology of the region. This study is a first step towards providing indicators on groundwater quality of this fragile mountain ecosystem, which will be the basis for future planning decisions on corrective demand management measures to protect groundwater resources of Al Jabal Al Akhdar.
Groundwater , Piper trilinear diagram , Water quality index , Hydrochemistry , Al Jabal Al Akhdar , Oman
Al-Kalbani, M. S., Price, M. F., Ahmed, M., Abahussain, A. and O’Higgins, T. (2017) 'Environmental quality assessment of groundwater resources in Al Jabal Al Akhdar, Sultanate of Oman', Applied Water Science, 7(7), pp. 3539-3552. doi: 10.1007/s13201-017-0621-6