Palladium activated self-assembled monolayer for magnetics on silicon applications

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Anthony, Ricky
Ó Mathúna, S. Cian
Rohan, James F.
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Magnetic thin films such as Permalloy (Py) have been extensively used as core material in integrated power magnetic components (micro-inductors and transformers) for their excellent soft magnetic properties. Existing core electrodeposition technology requires sputtered permalloy seed layer. This seed layer etches slowly compared to the electroplated core during magnetic core patterning. In this work, a new electroless deposition process has been developed where samples are activated by palladium to realize a thin catalytic layer on SiO2. Up to 1 μm thick permalloy (∼22% ±3% Fe and ∼78%±3% Ni) is deposited from an in-house developed borane based bath to achieve ∼ 30-35 μOhm-cm resistivities. The magnetic properties of permalloy deposits reveal distinct hysteresis loop with coercivity (∼4.5 Oe). The electroless permalloy over-etch (12 μm) compared with sputtered permalloy seed is found to be negligible (2 μm). This demonstrates the applicability of permalloy electroless deposition as a seed for high yield batch fabrication of magnetics on silicon devices.
Electroless deposition , Integrated inductors , Magnetics on Silicon , Over-etch , Self-assembled monolayers
Anthony, R., Ó Mathúna, C. and Rohan, J. F. (2015) 'Palladium Activated Self-Assembled Monolayer for Magnetics on Silicon Applications', Physics Procedia, 75, pp. 1207-1213. doi: 10.1016/j.phpro.2015.12.122