Nucleophilicities and nucleofugalities of thio- and selenoethers
Jüstel, Patrick M.
Byrne, Patrick A.
Ofial, Armin R.
Rate constants for the reactions of dialkyl chalcogenides with laser flash photolytically generated benzhydrylium ions have been measured photometrically to integrate them into the comprehensive benzhydrylium-based nucleophilicity scale. Combining these rate constants with the previously reported equilibrium constants for the same reactions provided the corresponding Marcus intrinsic barriers and made it possible to quantify the leaving group abilities (nucleofugalities) of dialkyl sulfides and dimethyl selenide. Due to the low intrinsic barriers, dialkyl chalcogenides are fairly strong nucleophiles (comparable to pyridine and N-methylimidazole) as well as good nucleofuges; this makes them useful group-transfer reagents.
Dialkyl sulfides , Nucleophilicities , Reagents , Group-transfer reagents
Maji, B., Duan, X.-H., Jüstel P. M., Byrne, P. A., Ofial, A. R. and Mayr, H. (2021) 'Nucleophilicities and Nucleofugalities of Thio- and Selenoethers', Chemistry - A European Journal, 27, 11367 (10 pp). doi: 10.1002/chem.202100977.