Developmental age and UV-B exposure co-determine antioxidant capacity and flavonol accumulation in Arabidopsis leaves

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Csepregi, Kristóf
Coffey, Aoife M.
Cunningham, Natalie
Prinsen, Els
Hideg, Éva
Jansen, Marcel A. K.
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Developmental age is an important determinant of plant stress responses. In this study the importance of “within-individual-heterogeneity” of developmental age for plant UV-B responses was quantified. Arabidopsis thaliana rosettes were raised under indoor conditions, and the responses of leaves at different developmental stages were compared following exposure to supplemental UV-B radiation. Exposure to a low dose of UV-B had positive effects on concentrations of UV-absorbing pigments, quercetins and kaempferols as well as total antioxidant activity measured. Unlike UV-B, developmental age had a substantial effect on photochemistry, and especially energy dissipation. Younger leaves display relatively strong regulated dissipation, while older leaves show more non-regulated, non-photochemical energy dissipation. Developmental age also impacted on concentrations of UV-absorbing compounds, and antioxidant activity. In fact, developmental variation matched, or even exceeded the UV-induced response for these two parameters. Thus, pooling of rosette leaves is not necessarily a good strategy to visualise plant UV-responses. Rather, to fully understand plant UV-responses in a developmental context it is important to advance reporter technologies for physiological studies, including spin-trap technology to visualise in planta ROS and ROS-defences, and fluorescence excitation screening technology and chromogenic assays for in planta visualisation of specific UV-absorbing pigments.
Antioxidant , Arabidopsis , Development , Flavonol , Photochemistry , Ultraviolet-B
Csepregi, K., Coffey, A., Cunningham, N., Prinsen, E., Hideg, É. and Jansen, M. A. K. (2017) 'Developmental age and UV-B exposure co-determine antioxidant capacity and flavonol accumulation in Arabidopsis leaves', Environmental and Experimental Botany, 140, pp. 19-25. doi:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2017.05.009