A spatio-temporal approach to individual mobility modeling in on-device cognitive computing platforms
The increased availability of GPS-enabled devices makes possible to collect location data for mining purposes and to develop mobility-based services (MBS). For most of the MBSs, determining interesting locations and frequent Points of Interest (POIs) is of paramount importance to study the semantic of places visited by an individual and the mobility patterns as a spatio-temporal phenomenon. In this paper, we propose a novel approach that uses mobility-based services for on-device and individual-centered mobility understanding. Unlike existing approaches that use crowd data for cloud-assisted POI extraction, the proposed solution autonomously detects POIs and mobility events to incrementally construct a cognitive map (spatio-temporal model) of individual mobility suitable to constrained mobile platforms. In particular, we focus on detecting POIs and enter-exits events as the key to derive statistical properties for characterizing the dynamics of an individual’s mobility. We show that the proposed spatio-temporal map effectively extracts core features from the user-POI interaction that are relevant for analytics such as mobility prediction. We also demonstrate how the obtained spatio-temporal model can be exploited to assess the relevance of daily mobility routines. This novel cognitive and on-line mobility modeling contributes toward the distributed intelligence of IoT connected devices without strongly compromising energy.
Human mobility , Trajectory , POI , Cognitive computing , Smartphone
Pérez-Torres, R., Torres-Huitzil, C. and Galeana-Zapién, H. (2019) 'A Spatio-Temporal Approach to Individual Mobility Modeling in On-Device Cognitive Computing Platforms', Sensors, 19(18), 3949. (20pp.) DOI: 10.3390/s19183949