Agglomeration, urbanization and competitive performance: the natural experiment of English football
Taylor & Francis
There are sound theoretical and empirical bases for expecting productivity and innovative benefits for businesses located in large urban areas, and for those located closer to others in the same or related industries. However, the size and precise origin of these effects remain uncertain and complicated by potential endogeneity from businesses’ location choice. English football is proposed as a natural experiment with immobile businesses and evidence is presented from the English Premier League (EPL) that suggests urban scale affects clubs’ relative performance. It is found that teams in larger conurbations perform relatively better, and it is suggested these benefits probably originate from the sport’s novel labour market.
Urbanization , Agglomeration , Business performance , Sport
Jones, C. and Jordan, D. (2019) 'Agglomeration, urbanization and competitive performance: the natural experiment of English football', Regional Studies, Regional Science, 6(1), pp. 420-438. DOI: 10.1080/21681376.2019.1647794
© 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.