Evaluation of the cytotoxic effects of the novel antineoplastic agent 1,4,5-Oxathiazinane-4,4-dioxide on triple negative breast cancer cells
Wang, Jiang Huai
Pfirrmann, Rolf W.
O'Leary, D. Peter
Corrigan, Mark A.
Redmond, Henry Paul
International Institute of Anticancer Research
Background/Aim: Adjuvant therapeutic options are limited for triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). Thus, we evaluated the cytotoxic effects of the newly synthesized antineoplastic agent 1,4,5-Oxathiazinane-4,4-dioxide (OTD) on TNBC cells as a potential cancer therapeutic strategy. Materials and Methods: TNBC primary BT-20 and metastatic MDA-MB-231 cell lines were treated with increasing concentrations of OTD for various time periods to assess cell viability. Cell necrosis, apoptosis, necroptosis, autophagy, and ROS generation were evaluated using assay kits or specific inhibitors. Results: Treatment with OTD resulted in a dose-and time-dependent cell death of TNBC BT-20 and MDA-MB-231 cells. OTD also dose-dependently arrested TNBC cell proliferation. Notably, treatment with OTD induced both necrosis and apoptosis of TNBC cells, while the pan-caspase inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK partially attenuated OTD-induced cell death. Importantly, abrogated OTD-induced cell death was observed in the presence of the ROS scavenger N-acetylcysteine (NAC), whereas enhanced OTD-induced cell death was observed after the addition of the glutathione synthesis inhibitor BSO, indicating OTDinduced killing of TNBC cells via a reactive oxygen species dependent mechanism. Conclusion: OTD is strongly cytotoxic to both primary and metastatic TNBC cells, possibly by inducing multiple cell death pathways.
OTD , Triple-negative breast cancer cells , Cytotoxicity , Cell death , Reactive oxygen species
Jinih, M., Wang, J. H., Pfirrmann, R. W., O'Leary, D. P., Corrigan, M. A. and Redmond, H. P.(2021) 'Evaluation of the cytotoxic effects of the novel antineoplastic agent 1,4,5-Oxathiazinane-4,4-dioxide on triple negative breast cancer cells', Anticancer Research, 41(5), pp. 2247-2256. doi: 10.21873/anticanres.15001
Copyright © 2021 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. George J. Delinasios), All rights reserved.