Bacchius Iudaeus: a tamed Hyrcanian tiger
Royal Numismatic Society
The kneeling figure with camel on the reverse of the denarius of A. Plautius has generally been identified as Aristobulus ii. it is argued here that he is identifiable as his brother Hyrcanus ii instead. in addition to the argument of Hollstein in support of this identification, it is noted that the legend BAccHiVS facilitates a pun upon the name of Hyrcanus, literally meaning ‘Hyrcanian’. As a ‘Bacchic Hyrcanian’, Hyrcanus is implicitly compared to the tamed Hyrcanian tigers used by Bacchus to draw his triumphal chariot, a fitting comparison because of his submission to roman authority.
Denarius of A. Plautius , Hyrcanus II , Hyrcanian tiger , Bacchus
Woods, D. (2018) 'Bacchius Iudaeus: a tamed Hyrcanian tiger', Numismatic Chronicle, 178, pp. 165-172.
© 2018, Royal Numismatic Society.