Healthcare professionals’ perspectives on use of PCSK9 inhibitors in cardiovascular disease: an in-depth qualitative study

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Lee, Geraldine A.
Durante, Angela
Baker, Edward E.
Vellone, Ercole
Caggianelli, Gabriele
Dellafiore, Federica
Khan, Mutiba
Khatib, Rani
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Oxford University Press
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Aim: Injectable medicines such as PCSK-9 inhibitors are increasingly used to manage risk factors for cardiovascular events with little information around the perceptions of healthcare professionals (HCPs) on the administrative and clinical practicalities. The aim was to identify the facilitators and barriers on the use of injectable therapies with CV benefits through interviews with HCPs. Methods and results: Qualitative interviews were conducted in the United Kingdom (London and Leeds) and Italy (Rome and Milan) in 2021. Coding was undertaken using NVivo and thematic analysis performed. A total of 38 HCPs were interviewed, 19 in each country composing of physicians (n = 18), pharmacists (n = 10), nurses (n = 9) and pharmacy technician (n = 1). Four themes emerged: (i) Clinicians’ previous experiences with injectable therapies (ii) Challenges with patients’ behaviours and beliefs (iii) Clinicians’ knowledge of injectable therapies and therapeutic inertia and (iv) Organisational and governance issues. The behaviour and beliefs from healthcare professionals focused on facilitating behaviour change as well as the poor interdisciplinary working and collaboration. Therapeutic inertia was raised where physicians either lacked awareness of injectable therapies or were unwilling to prescribe them. The importance of facilitating patient education on injection techniques was highlighted while organisational and governance issues identified the lack of guidance to inform practice. Clear pathways are required to identify those who were eligible for injectable therapies as well as on how injectables should be prescribed. Conclusion: If medicine optimisation is to be achieved, there needs to be structured processes in place to identify eligible patients and the development of educational material.
Injectable therapies , Cardiovascular disease , Dyslipidemia , Healthcare professionals
Lee, G.A., Durante, A., Baker, E.E., Vellone, E., Caggianelli, G., Dellafiore, F., Khan, M. and Khatib, R. (2024) 'Healthcare professionals’ perspectives on use of PCSK9 inhibitors in cardiovascular disease: an in-depth qualitative study', European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, zvae081.
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