Muʽāwiyah, Constans II and coins without crosses
Israel Numismatic Society
The Maronite Chronicle records that Muʽāwiyah struck gold and silver coins without crosses upon his accession as caliph in 661. It is argued here that this is a misinterpretation of coins issued by the Byzantine emperor Constans II c.659, following the promotion of his two younger sons as Augusti, when the large cross on the reverse was temporarily displaced by a depiction of Constans' three sons standing together.
Cross , Umayyad , Maronite , Jerusalem , Coin , Byzantine , Constans , Caliph
Woods, D. (2015) 'Muʽāwiyah, Constans II and coins without crosses', Israel Numismatic Research, 10, pp. 169-181.
© 2015, Israel Numismatic Society.