Transport, atom blockade, and output coupling in a Tonks-Girardeau gas
McCann, J. F.
American Physical Society
Recent experiments have demonstrated how quantum-mechanical impurities can be created within strongly correlated quantum gases and used to probe the coherence properties of these systems [S. Palzer, C. Zipkes, C. Sias, and M. Kohl, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 150601 (2009)]. Here we present a phenomenological model to simulate such an output coupler for a Tonks-Girardeau gas that shows qualitative agreement with the experimental results for atom transport and output coupling. Our model allows us to explore nonequilibrium transport phenomena in ultracold quantum gases and leads us to predict a regime of atom blockade, where the impurity component becomes localized in the parent cloud despite the presence of gravity. We show that this provides a stable mixed-species quantum gas in the strongly correlated limit.
Rutherford, L., Goold, J., Busch, T. and McCann, J. F. (2011) 'Transport, atom blockade, and output coupling in a Tonks-Girardeau gas', Physical Review A, 83(5), 055601 (4pp). doi: 10.1103/PhysRevA.83.055601
© 2011, American Physical Society