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First, with respect to our personal relationship to fossil fuels, this chapter introduces arguments about whether we should or even can address our own usage of fossil fuels. This involves determining whether offsetting emissions is morally required and practically possible. Second, with respect to our relationship with fossil fuels at the national level, it discusses forms of local resistance, especially divestment and pipeline protesting. Finally, with respect to our relationship with fossil fuels at the international level, it considers two types of policy. On the one hand, some have argued that we should stop most trade in oil, on the basis that most oil that is traded is not subject to the control of citizens. On the other hand, some have argued that we should price the costs of fossil fuels so that there are market incentives to avoid digging them out of the ground.
Climate change , Climate justice , Environmental ethics , Fossil fuels
Mintz-Woo, K. (2022) 'Fossil fuels', in Hale, B., Light, A. and Lawhon, L. (eds.) The Routledge Companion to Environmental Ethics. New York: Routledge, pp. 317-326. doi: 10.4324/9781315768090-32
© 2022, the Authors. All rights reserved. This is an Accepted Manuscript of a book chapter published by Routledge in The Routledge Companion to Environmental Ethics on 29 July 2022, available online: http://www.routledge.com/9781315768090