Cost savings from relaxation of operational constraints on a power system with high wind penetration

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McGarrigle, Edward V.
Leahy, Paul G.
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Wind energy is predominantly a nonsynchronous generation source. Large-scale integration of wind generation with existing electricity systems, therefore, presents challenges in maintaining system frequency stability and local voltage stability. Transmission system operators have implemented system operational constraints (SOCs) in order to maintain stability with high wind generation, but imposition of these constraints results in higher operating costs. A mixed integer programming tool was used to simulate generator dispatch in order to assess the impact of various SOCs on generation costs. Interleaved day-ahead scheduling and real-time dispatch models were developed to allow accurate representation of forced outages and wind forecast errors, and were applied to the proposed Irish power system of 2020 with a wind penetration of 32%. Savings of at least 7.8% in generation costs and reductions in wind curtailment of 50% were identified when the most influential SOCs were relaxed. The results also illustrate the need to relax local SOCs together with the system-wide nonsynchronous penetration limit SOC, as savings from increasing the nonsynchronous limit beyond 70% were restricted without relaxation of local SOCs. The methodology and results allow for quantification of the costs of SOCs, allowing the optimal upgrade path for generation and transmission infrastructure to be determined.
System operational constraints , Wind energy , Non-synchronous generation , Wind curtailment , Unit commitment , Ireland
Mc Garrigle, E. V. and Leahy, P. G. (2015) 'Cost savings from relaxation of operational constraints on a power system with high wind penetration'. IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, 6 (3), pp. 881-888. doi:10.1109/TSTE.2015.2417165
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