Acoustic emissions and age-related changes of the knee

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Khokhlova, Liudmila
Dimitrios-Sokratis, Komaris
O'Flynn, Brendan
Tedesco, Salvatore
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Acoustic emission (AE) monitoring is currently being widely investigated as a diagnostic tool in orthopedics, in particular for osteoarthritis (OA) diagnostics. Considering that age is one of the main risk factors for OA, investigating age-related changes in joint AEs might provide an additional incentive for further studies and consequent translation to clinical practice. The aim of this study is to investigate age-related changes in knee AE and determine AE hit definition modes as well as AE hit parameters that allow for improved age group differentiation. Knee AEs were recorded from 51 participants in two age groups (18-35 and 50-75 years old) whilst cycling with 30 and 60 rpm cadence. Two AE sensors with 15-40 kHz and 100-450 kHz frequency ranges were used, and three AE event detection modes investigated. Additionally, participants’ Knee Osteoarthritis Outcome Scores (KOOS) were recorded. Low frequency sensors (15-40kHz) and hit modes with shortened hit and peak definition times showed the potential to distinguish between age groups. Moreover, a weak correlation was found between only three parameters (AE event median duration, rise time, and signal strength) and age, indicating that changes in joint AE are most likely associated with pathological changes rather than physiological ageing within the healthy norm.Clinical Relevance— the use of AE monitoring was examined in the context of age-related changes in knee health. The study indicates the potential for knee AE monitoring to be used as a quantitative measure of pathological changes in the knee status.
Pathology , Time-frequency analysis , Correlation , Event detection , Aging , Acoustic emission , Sensors , Humans , Knee Joint , Knee , Osteoarthritis , Knee , Acoustics , Aging
Khokhlova, L., Komaris, D.-S., O’Flynn, B. and Tedesco, S. (2023) ‘Acoustic emissions and age-related changes of the knee’, in 45th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC), Sydney, Australia, 24-27 July, : IEEE, Available at:
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