The portfolio effect cushions mosquito populations and malaria transmission against vector control interventions
Killeen, Gerry F.
Reed, Thomas E.
Portfolio effects were first described as a basis for mitigating against financial risk by diversifying investments. Distributing investment across several different assets can stabilize returns and reduce risks by statistical averaging of individual asset dynamics that often correlate weakly or negatively with each other. The same simple probability theory is equally applicable to complex ecosystems, in which biological and environmental diversity stabilizes ecosystems against natural and human-mediated perturbations. Given the fundamental limitations to how well the full complexity of ecosystem dynamics can be understood or anticipated, the portfolio effect concept provides a simple framework for more critical data interpretation and pro-active conservation management. Applied to conservation ecology purposes, the portfolio effect concept informs management strategies emphasizing identification and maintenance of key ecological processes that generate complexity, diversity and resilience against inevitable, often unpredictable perturbations.
Malaria , Plasmodium , Anopheles , Mosquito , Vector control , Elimination , Ecology
Killeen, G.F. and Reed, T.E., 2018. The portfolio effect cushions mosquito populations and malaria transmission against vector control interventions. Malaria journal, 17, 291, (7 pp) . doi:10.1186/s12936-018-2441-z
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