A sensor based system for rapid on-site testing of microbial contamination in meat samples and carcasses
Kerry, Joseph P.
Papkovsky, Dmitri B.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Aims: To develop an oxygen sensor based method for testing total aerobic viable counts (TVC) in raw meat samples and cattle carcass swabs, which is rapid, simple, affordable, provides good sensitivity and analytical performance and allows on-site use. Methods and Results: The test uses the same sample preparation procedure as the established plate counting TVC method for meat samples and carcasses, ISO4833-1:2013. After this liquid samples are transferred into standard 25 mL vials with built-in phosphorescent O2 sensors and incubated on a block heater with hourly readings of sensor signals with a handheld reader, to determine signal Threshold Time (TT, hours) for each sample. The method is demonstrated with the quantification of TVC in industrial cuts of raw beef meat (CFU/g) and carcass swabs (CFU/cm2). Calibration curves were generated, which give the following analytical equations for calculating the TVC load in unknown samples from measured TT values: TVC [Log(CFU/cm2)] = 7.83 - 0.73*TT(h), and TVC [Log(CFU/g)] = 8.74 - 0.70*TT(h) for the carcass swabs and meat samples respectively. The new tests show good correlation with the ISO methods, with correlation coefficients 0.85 and 0.83, respectively. The testing requires no dilutions, covers the ranges 2-7 Log(CFU/g) for the meat samples and 1-7 Log(CFU/cm2) for carcass swabs, and has time to result 1-10 hours with faster detection of more contaminated samples. Conclusions: The sensor based testing demonstrates simplicity, high speed, sample throughput and automation. It can provide a straightforward replacement for the conventional TVC tests, which are time consuming, laborious and have time to result of 48-72 hours. Significance and Impact of the Study: The method(s) can be adopted by the meat industry and research labs, and used to improve microbial quality and safety of meat products and processes.
Microbial contamination , Meat
Santovito, E., Elisseeva, S., Smyth, C., Cruz-Romero, M., Kerry, J., Duffy, G. and Papkovsky, D. B. (2021) 'A sensor based system for rapid on-site testing of microbial contamination in meat samples and carcasses', Journal of Applied Microbiology. doi: 10.1111/jam.15274
© 2021, Society for Applied Microbiology. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. This is the peer reviewed version of the following item: Santovito, E., Elisseeva, S., Smyth, C., Cruz-Romero, M., Kerry, J., Duffy, G. and Papkovsky, D. B. (2021) 'A sensor based system for rapid on-site testing of microbial contamination in meat samples and carcasses', Journal of Applied Microbiology, doi: 10.1111/jam.15274, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/jam.15274. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.