Shaken not stirred: creating exotic angular momentum states by shaking an optical lattice
We propose a method to create higher orbital states of ultracold atoms in the Mott regime of an optical lattice. This is done by periodically modulating the position of the trap minima (known as shaking) and controlling the interference term of the lasers creating the lattice. These methods are combined with techniques of shortcuts to adiabaticity. As an example of this, we show specifically how to create an anti-ferromagnetic type ordering of angular momentum states of atoms. The specific pulse sequences are designed using Lewis-Riesenfeld invariants and a fourlevel model for each well. The results are compared with numerical simulations of the full Schrodinger equation.
Mott insulator , Atoms , Transition , Superfluid , Domains , Gases
Kiely, A., Benseny, A., Busch, T. and Ruschhaupt, A. (2016) 'Shaken not stirred: creating exotic angular momentum states by shaking an optical lattice', Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 49(21), 215003 (11pp). doi:10.1088/0953-4075/49/21/215003