You can't eat biodiversity: Agency and irrational norms in European aquatic environmental law
O'Higgins, Tim G.
Policies of the European Union cover a range of social, environmental and economic aspirations and the current environmental directives and laws have evolved from a suite of norms which have changed over time. These may be characterised loosely according to 'Three Ps ': Practical, those taking an anthropocentric approach; Pure, those taking an ecocentric approach and Popular, those appealing to the general public. In this paper I use these three perspectives as a tool to analyse the complexity and identify contradictions in European aquatic environmental legislation. Some trade- offs between development and conservation are identified and used to characterise the potential qualities of more successful agency to achieve environmental goals in the governance of European aquatic environments.
Biodiversity , Environmental policy , Ecosystem services , Transformation
O'Higgins, Tim G. (2017) 'You can't eat biodiversity: Agency and irrational norms in European aquatic environmental law'. Challenges in Sustainability, 5 (1):43-51. doi: 10.12924/cis2017.05010043