Identification and characterization of hippuristanol-resistant mutants reveals eIF4A1 dependencies within mRNA 5 ' leader regions

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Steinberger, Jutta
Shen, Leo
Kiniry, Stephen J.
Naineni, Sai Kiran
Cencic, Regina
Amiri, Mehdi
Aboushawareb, Sarah A. E.
Chu, Jennifer
Maiga, Rayelle Itoua
Yachnin, Brahm J.
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Oxford University Press
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Hippuristanol (Hipp) is a natural product that selectively inhibits protein synthesis by targeting eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 4A, a DEAD-box RNA helicase required for ribosome recruitment to mRNA templates. Hipp binds to the carboxyl-terminal domain of eIF4A, locks it in a closed conformation, and inhibits its RNA binding. The dependencies of mRNAs for eIF4A during initiation is contingent on the degree of secondary structure within their 5' leader region. Interest in targeting eIF4A therapeutically in cancer and viral-infected settings stems from the dependencies that certain cellular (e.g. pro-oncogenic, pro-survival) and viral mRNAs show towards eIF4A. Using a CRISPR/Cas9-based variomics screen, we identify functional EIF4A1 Hipp-resistant alleles, which in turn allowed us to link the translation-inhibitory and cytotoxic properties of Hipp to eIF4A1 target engagement. Genome-wide translational profiling in the absence or presence of Hipp were undertaken and our validation studies provided insight into the structure-activity relationships of eIF4A-dependent mRNAs. We find that mRNA 5' leader length, overall secondary structure and cytosine content are defining features of Hipp-dependent mRNAs.
Eukaryotic translation initiation , Small-molecule inhibition , Therapeutic suppression , Helicase , Binding
Steinberger, J., Shen, L., Kiniry, S. J., Naineni, S. K., Cencic, R., Amiri, M., Aboushawareb, S. A. E., Chu, J., Maiga, R. I., Yachnin, B. J., Robert, F., Sonenberg, N., Baranov, P. V. and Pelletier, J.(2020) 'Identification and characterization of hippuristanol-resistant mutants reveals eIF4A1 dependencies within mRNA 5 ' leader regions', Nucleic Acids Research, 48 (17), pp. 9521-9537. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkaa662