Eating habits of a population undergoing a rapid dietary transition: portion sizes of traditional and non-traditional foods and beverages consumed by Inuit adults in Nunavut, Canada

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dc.contributor.author Sheehy, Tony
dc.contributor.author Roache, Cindy
dc.contributor.author Sharma, Sangita
dc.date.accessioned 2016-08-31T14:36:31Z
dc.date.available 2016-08-31T14:36:31Z
dc.date.issued 2013-06-02
dc.identifier.citation Sheehy, T., Roache, C. and Sharma, S. (2013) 'Eating habits of a population undergoing a rapid dietary transition: portion sizes of traditional and non-traditional foods and beverages consumed by Inuit adults in Nunavut, Canada', Nutrition Journal, 12:70, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-12-70 en
dc.identifier.volume 12 en
dc.identifier.startpage 70-1 en
dc.identifier.endpage 70-11 en
dc.identifier.issn 1475-2891
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/3043
dc.identifier.doi 10.1186/1475-2891-12-70
dc.description.abstract Background: To determine the portion sizes of traditional and non-traditional foods being consumed by Inuit adults in three remote communities in Nunavut, Canada. Methods. A cross-sectional study was carried out between June and October, 2008. Trained field workers collected dietary data using a culturally appropriate, validated quantitative food frequency questionnaire (QFFQ) developed specifically for the study population. Results: Caribou, muktuk (whale blubber and skin) and Arctic char (salmon family), were the most commonly consumed traditional foods; mean portion sizes for traditional foods ranged from 10 g for fermented seal fat to 424 g for fried caribou. Fried bannock and white bread were consumed by >85% of participants; mean portion sizes for these foods were 189 g and 70 g, respectively. Sugar-sweetened beverages and energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods were also widely consumed. Mean portion sizes for regular pop and sweetened juices with added sugar were 663 g and 572 g, respectively. Mean portion sizes for potato chips, pilot biscuits, cakes, chocolate and cookies were 59 g, 59 g, 106 g, 59 g, and 46 g, respectively. Conclusions: The present study provides further evidence of the nutrition transition that is occurring among Inuit in the Canadian Arctic. It also highlights a number of foods and beverages that could be targeted in future nutritional intervention programs aimed at obesity and diet-related chronic disease prevention in these and other Inuit communities. en
dc.description.sponsorship American Diabetes Association Clinical Research (award 1-08-CR-57); Government of Nunavut Department of Health and Social Services, and Health Canada. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher BioMed Central en
dc.rights © 2013 Sheehy et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 en
dc.subject Food portion sizes en
dc.subject Nutrition transition en
dc.subject Inuit en
dc.subject Nunavut en
dc.subject Canadian arctic en
dc.title Eating habits of a population undergoing a rapid dietary transition: portion sizes of traditional and non-traditional foods and beverages consumed by Inuit adults in Nunavut, Canada en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorurl http://publish.ucc.ie/researchprofiles/D018/tsheehy en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Tony Sheehy, Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: t.sheehy@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.description.version Published Version en
dc.contributor.funder American Diabetes Association en
dc.contributor.funder Government of Nunavut Department of Health and Social Services, Canada en
dc.contributor.funder Health Canada en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Nutrition Journal en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked !!CORA!! en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress t.sheehy@ucc.ie en


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© 2013 Sheehy et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2013 Sheehy et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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