Smoking and dietary inadequacy among Inuvialuit women of child bearing age in the Northwest Territories, Canada

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dc.contributor.author Kolahdooz, Fariba
dc.contributor.author Mathe, Nonsikelelo
dc.contributor.author Katunga, Lalage A
dc.contributor.author Beck, Lindsay
dc.contributor.author Sheehy, Tony
dc.contributor.author Corriveau, Andre
dc.contributor.author Sharma, Sangita
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-01T09:09:14Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-01T09:09:14Z
dc.date.issued 2013-02-22
dc.identifier.citation Kolahdooz, F., Mathe, N., Katunga, L. A., Beck, L., Sheehy, T., Corriveau, A. and Sharma, S. (2013) ‘Smoking and dietary inadequacy among Inuvialuit women of child bearing age in the Northwest Territories, Canada’, Nutrition Journal, 12: 27. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-12-27 en
dc.identifier.volume 12 en
dc.identifier.startpage 27-1 en
dc.identifier.endpage 27-8 en
dc.identifier.issn 1475-2891
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/3050
dc.identifier.doi 10.1186/1475-2891-12-27
dc.description.abstract Objective. The prevalence of smoking in Aboriginal Canadians is higher than non-Aboriginal Canadians, a behavior that also tends to alter dietary patterns. Compared with the general Canadian population, maternal smoking rates are almost twice as high. The aim of this study was to compare dietary adequacy of Inuvialuit women of childbearing age comparing smokers versus non-smokers. Research methods & procedures. A cross-sectional study, where participants completed a culturally specific quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Non-parametric analysis was used to compare mean nutrient intake, dietary inadequacy and differences in nutrient density among smokers and non-smokers. Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed for key nutrients inadequacy and smoking status. Data was collected from three communities in the Beaufort Delta region of the Northwest Territories, Canada from randomly selected Inuvialuit women of childbearing age (19-44 years). Results: Of 92 participants, 75% reported being smokers. There were no significant differences in age, BMI, marital status, education, number of people in household working and/or number of self employed, and physical activity between smokers and non-smokers. Non-parametric analysis showed no differences in nutrient intake between smokers and non-smokers. Logistic regression however revealed there was a positive association between smoking and inadequacies of vitamin C (OR = 2.91, 95% CI, 1.17-5.25), iron (OR = 3.16, 95% CI, 1.27-5.90), and zinc (OR = 2.78, 95% CI, 1.12-4.94). A high percentage of women (>60%), regardless of smoking status, did not meet the dietary recommendations for fiber, vitamin D, E and potassium. Conclusions: This study provides evidence of inadequate dietary intake among Inuvialuit of childbearing age regardless of smoking behavior. en
dc.description.sponsorship American Diabetes Association (Clinical Research award 1-08-CR-57.) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher BioMed Central en
dc.rights © 2013 Kolahdooz et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 en
dc.subject Arctic en
dc.subject Childbearing age en
dc.subject Dietary adequacy en
dc.subject Inuvialuit en
dc.subject Smoking en
dc.subject Aboriginal Canadians en
dc.subject Canada en
dc.title Smoking and dietary inadequacy among Inuvialuit women of child bearing age in the Northwest Territories, Canada en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Tony Sheehy, Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: t.sheehy@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.description.version Published Version en
dc.contributor.funder American Diabetes Association en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Nutrition Journal en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress t.sheehy@ucc.ie en


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© 2013 Kolahdooz et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2013 Kolahdooz et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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