Next-generation probiotics: the spectrum from probiotics to live biotherapeutics

No Thumbnail Available
NGPs_LBPs_2016_v3_clean.pdf(208.77 KB)
Accepted Version
O'Toole, Paul W.
Marchesi, Julian R.
Hill, Colin
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Springer Nature Limited
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Journal Issue
The leading probiotics currently available to consumers are generally drawn from a narrow range of organisms. Knowledge of the gut microbiota and its constituent actors is changing this paradigm, particularly given the phylogenetic range and relatively unknown characteristics of the organisms under investigation as novel therapeutics. For this reason, and because their development is likely to be more amenable to a pharmaceutical than a food delivery route, these organisms are often operationally referred to as next-generation probiotics, a concept that overlaps with the emerging concept of live biotherapeutic products. The latter is a class of organisms developed exclusively for pharmaceutical application. In this Perspective, we discuss what lessons have been learned from working with traditional probiotics, explore the kinds of organisms that are likely to be used as novel microbial therapeutics, discuss the regulatory framework required, and propose how scientists may meet this challenge.
Probiotic , Gut microbiota , Pharmaceutical application , Novel microbial therapeutics
O'Toole, P. W., Marchesi, J. R. and Hill, C. (2017) 'Next-generation probiotics: the spectrum from probiotics to live biotherapeutics', Nature Microbiology, 2, 17057 (6pp). doi: 10.1038/nmicrobiol.2017.57
© 2017, Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. All rights reserved.