Understanding the population consequences of disturbance

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dc.contributor.author Pirotta, Enrico
dc.contributor.author Booth, Cormac G.
dc.contributor.author Costa, Daniel P.
dc.contributor.author Fleishman, Erica
dc.contributor.author Kraus, Scott D.
dc.contributor.author Lusseau, David
dc.contributor.author Moretti, David
dc.contributor.author New, Leslie F.
dc.contributor.author Schick, Robert S.
dc.contributor.author Schwarz, Lisa K.
dc.contributor.author Simmons, Samantha E.
dc.contributor.author Thomas, Len
dc.contributor.author Tyack, Peter L.
dc.contributor.author Weise, Michael J.
dc.contributor.author Wells, Randall S.
dc.contributor.author Harwood, John
dc.date.accessioned 2019-10-02T04:40:08Z
dc.date.available 2019-10-02T04:40:08Z
dc.date.issued 2018-09-12
dc.identifier.citation Pirotta, E., Booth, C.G., Costa, D.P., Fleishman, E., Kraus, S.D., Lusseau, D., Moretti, D., New, L.F., Schick, R.S., Schwarz, L.K. and Simmons, S.E., 2018. Understanding the population consequences of disturbance. Ecology and Evolution, 8(19), (13pp). DOI:10.1002/ece3.4458 en
dc.identifier.volume 8 en
dc.identifier.issued 19 en
dc.identifier.startpage 9934 en
dc.identifier.endpage 9946 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/8667
dc.identifier.doi 10.1002/ece3.4458 en
dc.description.abstract Abstract Managing the nonlethal effects of disturbance on wildlife populations has been a long-term goal for decision makers, managers, and ecologists, and assessment of these effects is currently required by European Union and United States legislation. However, robust assessment of these effects is challenging. The management of human activities that have nonlethal effects on wildlife is a specific example of a fundamental ecological problem: how to understand the population-level consequences of changes in the behavior or physiology of individual animals that are caused by external stressors. In this study, we review recent applications of a conceptual framework for assessing and predicting these consequences for marine mammal populations. We explore the range of models that can be used to formalize the approach and we identify critical research gaps. We also provide a decision tree that can be used to select the most appropriate model structure given the available data. Synthesis and applications: The implementation of this framework has moved the focus of discussion of the management of nonlethal disturbances on marine mammal populations away from a rhetorical debate about defining negligible impact and toward a quantitative understanding of long-term population-level effects. Here we demonstrate the framework's general applicability to other marine and terrestrial systems and show how it can support integrated modeling of the proximate and ultimate mechanisms that regulate trait-mediated, indirect interactions in ecological communities, that is, the nonconsumptive effects of a predator or stressor on a species' behavior, physiology, or life history. en
dc.description.sponsorship ONR Grants (N00014-16- 1- 2858, N00014-09- 1- 0896, N00014-12- 1- 0274, N00014-15- 1- 2553); SFC Grant (HR09011) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher John Wiley and Sons Ltd en
dc.relation.uri https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/ece3.4458
dc.rights © 2018 The Authors. Ecology and Evolution published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ en
dc.subject Anthropogenic disturbance en
dc.subject Environmental impact assessments en
dc.subject Marine mammals en
dc.subject Nonconsumptive effects en
dc.subject Population consequences en
dc.subject Trait-mediated indirect interactions en
dc.subject Uncertainty en
dc.title Understanding the population consequences of disturbance en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Enrico Pirotta, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: enrico.pirotta@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.description.version Published Version en
dc.contributor.funder Office of Naval Research en
dc.contributor.funder E&P Sound and Marine Life Joint Industry en
dc.contributor.funder Marine Alliance for Science and Technology for Scotland (MASTS) en
dc.contributor.funder Scottish Funding Council en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Ecology and Evolution en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress enrico.pirotta@ucc.ie en
dc.identifier.eissn 2045-7758

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© 2018 The Authors. Ecology and Evolution published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2018 The Authors. Ecology and Evolution published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd
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