Dietary inflammatory index and non-communicable disease risk: A narrative review

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dc.contributor.author Phillips, Catherine M.
dc.contributor.author Chen, Ling-Wei
dc.contributor.author Heude, Barbara
dc.contributor.author Bernard, Jonathan Y.
dc.contributor.author Harvey, Nicholas C.
dc.contributor.author Duijts, Liesbeth
dc.contributor.author Mensink-Bout, Sara M.
dc.contributor.author Polanska, Kinga
dc.contributor.author Mancano, Giulia
dc.contributor.author Suderman, Matthew
dc.contributor.author Shivappa, Nitin
dc.contributor.author Hébert, James R.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-10-06T21:03:25Z
dc.date.available 2019-10-06T21:03:25Z
dc.date.issued 2019-08-12
dc.identifier.citation Phillips, C. M., Chen, L.-W., Heude, B., Bernard, J. Y., Harvey, N. C., Duijts, L., Mensink-Bout, S. M., Polanska, K., Mancano, G., Suderman, M., Shivappa, N. and Hébert, J. R. (2019) 'Dietary Inflammatory Index and Non-Communicable Disease Risk: A Narrative Review', Nutrients, 11(8),1873. (32pp.) DOI: 10.3390/nu11081873 en
dc.identifier.volume 11 en
dc.identifier.issued 8 en
dc.identifier.startpage 1 en
dc.identifier.endpage 32 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/8705
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/nu11081873 en
dc.description.abstract There are over 1,000,000 publications on diet and health and over 480,000 references on inflammation in the National Library of Medicine database. In addition, there have now been over 30,000 peer-reviewed articles published on the relationship between diet, inflammation, and health outcomes. Based on this voluminous literature, it is now recognized that low-grade, chronic systemic inflammation is associated with most non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease, cancers, respiratory and musculoskeletal disorders, as well as impaired neurodevelopment and adverse mental health outcomes. Dietary components modulate inflammatory status. In recent years, the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII®), a literature-derived dietary index, was developed to characterize the inflammatory potential of habitual diet. Subsequently, a large and rapidly growing body of research investigating associations between dietary inflammatory potential, determined by the DII, and risk of a wide range of NCDs has emerged. In this narrative review, we examine the current state of the science regarding relationships between the DII and cancer, cardiometabolic, respiratory and musculoskeletal diseases, neurodevelopment, and adverse mental health outcomes. We synthesize the findings from recent studies, discuss potential underlying mechanisms, and look to the future regarding novel applications of the adult and children’s DII (C-DII) scores and new avenues of investigation in this field of nutritional research. en
dc.description.sponsorship Polish National Centre for Research and Development (ERA-HDHL/01/ALPHABET/1/2017);ZonMW The Netherlands (no 529051014; 2017)); ALPHABET project (no 696295; 2017); French National Research Agency (reference AnrR16227KK); Health Research Board (reference HRC/2007/13). en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher MDPI en
dc.relation.uri https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/11/8/1873/htm
dc.rights © The Author(s) 2019.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ en
dc.subject Dietary inflammatory index en
dc.subject Inflammation en
dc.subject Cardiometabolic health en
dc.subject Obesity en
dc.subject Metabolic syndrome en
dc.subject Cancer en
dc.subject Respiratory health en
dc.subject Bone health en
dc.subject Mental health en
dc.subject Neurodevelopment en
dc.title Dietary inflammatory index and non-communicable disease risk: A narrative review en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Catherine Phillips, HRB Centre for Diet and Health Research, School of Public Health, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email:c.phillips@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.description.version Published Version en
dc.contributor.funder Horizon 2020 en
dc.contributor.funder Science Foundation Ireland en
dc.contributor.funder Polish National Centre for Research and Development en
dc.contributor.funder ZonMw en
dc.contributor.funder Health Research Board en
dc.contributor.funder Agence Nationale de la Recherche en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Nutrients en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress c.phillips@ucc.ie en
dc.identifier.articleid 1873 en
dc.relation.project info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020::ERA-NET-Cofund/696295/EU/ERA-NET Biomarkers for Nutrition and Health implementing the JPI HDHL objectives/ERA-HDHL en
dc.relation.project info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020::ERA-NET-Cofund/696295/EU/ERA-NET Biomarkers for Nutrition and Health implementing the JPI HDHL objectives/ERA-HDHL en
dc.relation.project info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/RCUK/BBSRC/BB/P028179/1/GB/HDHL-Biomarkers: Early life programming of childhood health (ALPHABET)/ en
dc.relation.project info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/RCUK/BBSRC/BB/P028187/1/GB/HDHL-Biomarkers: Early life programming of childhood health: a nutritional and epigenetic investigation (ALPHABET)/ en
dc.identifier.eissn 2072-6643


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© The Author(s) 2019.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © The Author(s) 2019.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
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