Adolescents’ experiences of transition to self-management of type 1 diabetes: systematic review and future directions

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Leocadio, Paula
Kelleher, Carol
Fernández, Eluska
Hawkes, Colin P.
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Purpose: The purpose of this systematic literature review was to explore studies that report the experiences of adolescents, their families, and health care professionals of adolescents’ transition to self-management of type 1 diabetes (T1DM). Methods: SocINDEX, PsycInfo, APA PsycArticles, and MEDLINE electronic databases were searched. Studies reporting on experiences of transition to self-management of T1DM for adolescents, their parents, siblings, and health care professionals published between January 2010 amd December 2021 were included. The Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool guided trustworthiness and relevance of selected studies. Results: A total of 29 studies met the inclusion criteria. Findings indicate that adolescents’ experiences of transitioning to self-management of T1DM are interconnected with the supports provided by others (eg, family, teachers, friends). Considering interdependence and collective lived experiences is essential to developing effective and personalized family, peer, and social interventions to facilitate transition and to avoid negative outcomes in later life. The renegotiation of roles within the network of supports that impact adolescents’ transition and adolescents’ self-negotiation have been neglected. Conclusion: Transition to self-management of T1DM is a dynamic and iterative process comprising of continuous shifts between interdependence and independence, making it challenging for all involved. A number of research gaps and avenues for future research are outlined.
Type 1 diabetes (T1DM) , Diabetes , Adolescence , Self-management , Systematic review , Support network
Leocadio, P., Kelleher, C., Fernández, E., and Hawkes, C.P. (2023) ‘Adolescents’ experiences of transition to self-management of type 1 diabetes: Systematic review and future directions’, The Science of Diabetes Self-Management and Care, 49(6), pp. 477–492, available:
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