Correlation between pre-treatment quasispecies complexity and treatment outcome in chronic HCV genotype 3a
Fanning, Liam J.
Pre-treatment HCV quasispecies complexity and diversity may predict response to interferon based anti-viral therapy. The objective of this study was to retrospectively (1) examine temporal changes in quasispecies prior to the start of therapy and (2) investigate extensively quasispecies evolution in a group of 10 chronically infected patients with genotype 3a, treated with pegylated alpha 2a-Interferon and ribavirin. The degree of sequence heterogeneity within the hypervariable region 1 was assessed by analyzing 20-30 individual clones in serial serum samples. Genetic parameters, including amino acid Shannon entropy, Hamming distance and genetic distance were calculated for each sample. Treatment outcome was divided into (1) sustained virological responders (SVR) and (2) treatment failure (TF).Our results indicate, (1) quasispecies complexity and diversity are lower in the SVR group, (2) quasispecies vary temporally and (3) genetic heterogeneity at baseline can be used to predict treatment outcome. We discuss the results from the perspective of replicative homeostasis. We discuss the results from the perspective of replicative homeostasis.
Hepatitis C virus , Interferon-alpha-2b plus ribavirin , Hypervariable region 1 , Antiviral therapy , Replicative homeostasis , Pegylated interferon , Sequence variability , Genetic diversity , Immune selection , Envelope protein
Moreau, I., Levis, J., Crosbie, O., Kenny-Walsh, E. and Fanning, L. J. (2008) 'Correlation between pre-treatment quasispecies complexity and treatment outcome in chronic HCV genotype 3a', Virology Journal, 5: 78. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1743-422X-5-78
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