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Evolution of 3D printing methods and materials for electrochemical energy storage
John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Additive manufacturing has revolutionized the building of materials, and 3D-printing has become a useful tool for complex electrode assembly for batteries and supercapacitors. The field initially grew from extrusion-based methods and quickly evolved to photopolymerization printing, while supercapacitor technologies less sensitive to solvents more often involved material jetting processes. The need to develop higher-resolution multimaterial printers is borne out in the performance data of recent 3D printed electrochemical energy storage devices. Underpinning every part of a 3D-printable battery are the printing method and the feed material. These influence material purity, printing fidelity, accuracy, complexity, and the ability to form conductive, ceramic, or solvent-stable materials. The future of 3D-printable batteries and electrochemical energy storage devices is reliant on materials and printing methods that are co-operatively informed by device design. Herein, the material and method requirements in 3D-printable batteries and supercapacitors are addressed and requirements for the future of the field are outlined by linking existing performance limitations to requirements for printable energy-storage materials, casings, and direct printing of electrodes and electrolytes. A guide to materials and printing method choice best suited for alternative-form-factor energy-storage devices to be designed and integrated into the devices they power is thus provided.
3D printing , Additive manufacturing , Batteries , Energy storage devices , Supercapacitors
Egorov, V., Gulzar, U., Zhang, Y., Breen, S. and O'Dwyer, C. (2020) 'Evolution of 3D printing methods and materials for electrochemical energy storage', Advanced Materials, 32(29), 2000556 (27pp). doi: 10.1002/adma.202000556
© 2020, WILEY‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Egorov, V., Gulzar, U., Zhang, Y., Breen, S. and O'Dwyer, C. (2020) 'Evolution of 3D printing methods and materials for electrochemical energy storage', Advanced Materials, 32(29), 2000556 (27pp), doi: 10.1002/adma.202000556, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.202000556. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.