Social, biological, behavioural and psychological factors related to physical activity during early pregnancy in the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (Cork, Ireland) cohort study
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Dahly, Darren L.
Khashan, Ali S.
McHugh, Sheena M.
Kenny, Louise C.
Kearney, Patricia M.
BMJ Publishing Group
Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the social, biological, behavioural and psychological factors related to physical activity (PA) in early pregnancy.Design: This is a secondary analysis of data from a prospective cohort study.Setting: The study was conducted in Cork, Ireland.Participants: Nulliparous women with singleton pregnancies were recruited and then interviewed at 15±1 weeks’ gestation.Primary and secondary outcomes: The biopsychosocial model identified factors including social (age), biological (body mass index), behavioural (diet) and psychological (anxiety) at 15±1 weeks’ gestation. PA subgroups were identified based on a latent class analysis of their responses to a set of questions about the amount and intensity of activity they were engaging in during the pregnancy. Associations were estimated with multivariable multinomial logistic regression models.Results: From a total of 2579, 1774 (69%) women were recruited; ages ranged from 17 to 45 years. Based on a combination of model fit, theoretical interpretability and classification quality, the latent class analyses identified three PA subgroups: low PA (n=393), moderate PA (n=960) and high PA (n=413). The fully adjusted model suggests non-smokers, and consumers of fruit and vegetables were more likely to be in the high PA subgroup (vs low). Women with more than 12 years of schooling and a higher socioeconomic status were more likely to be in the moderate PA subgroup (vs low).Conclusion: The findings highlight potential links between PA, a low education level and a low socioeconomic background. These factors should be considered for future interventions to improve low PA levels during pregnancy.Trial registration number: ACTRN 12607000551493.
Physical activity (PA) , Early pregnancy , Pregnancy endpoint
Flannery, C., Dahly, D., Byrne, M., Khashan, A., McHugh, S., Kenny, L. C., McAuliffe, F. and Kearney, P. M. (2019) 'Social, biological, behavioural and psychological factors related to physical activity during early pregnancy in the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (Cork, Ireland) cohort study', BMJ Open, 9(6), e025003. (9pp.) DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025003
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