Silver citrate nanoparticles inhibit PMA-induced TNF alpha expression via deactivation of NF-kappa B activity in human cancer cell-lines, MCF-7

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Abdellatif, Ahmed A. H.
Rasheed, Zafar
Alhowail, Ahmad H.
Alqasoumi, Abdulmajeed
Alsharidah, Mansour
Khan, Riaz A.
Aljohani, Abdullah S. M.
Aldubayan, Maha A.
Faisal, Waleed
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Dove Medical Press
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Background: The nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) is a major transcription factor responsible for the production of numerous inflammatory mediators, including the tumor necrosis factor (TNFα), which has a lethal association with cancer’s onset. The silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are widely used in cancer treatment and several other biomedical applications. Objective: The study aimed to determine the effects of silver citrate nanoparticles (AgNPs-CIT) on NF-κB activation together with TNFα mRNA/protein expressions in the phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)-stimulated MCF-7 human breast cancer cell-lines. Methods: The AgNPs-CIT were synthesized by the reduction method, and the prepared AgNPs-CIT were characterized for their shape, absorption in UV-VIS electromagnetic radiations, size distribution, ζ-potential, and antioxidant activity. The MCF-7 cell-lines were pretreated with AgNPs-CIT and stimulated with PMA. The TNFα mRNA expressions were determined by real-time PCR, whereas the protein production was determined by the ELISA. The NF-κB activity was distinctly observed by highly-specific DNA-based ELISA, and by NF-κB-specific inhibitor, Bay 11– 7082. Results: The prepared AgNPs-CIT were spherical and have an absorption wavelength range of 381– 452 nm wherein the particles size ranged between 19.2± 0.1 to 220.77± 0.12 nm with the charge range − 9.99± 0.8 to − 34.63± 0.1 mV. The prepared AgNPs-CIT showed comparative antioxidant activity at > 40% inhibitions level of the DPPH radicals. The AgNPs-CIT were found to be non-toxic to MCF-7 cell-lines and inhibited PMA-induced activation of the NF-κBp65, and also the mRNA/protein expression of TNFα. Conclusion: This is the first report that showed AgNPs-CIT inhibited TNFα expression via deactivation of the NF-κB signaling event in stimulated breast cancer cells. The results have important implications for the development of novel therapeutic strategies for the prevention/treatment of cancers and/or inflammatory disorders.
Phorbol myristate acetate , PMA , TNFα , NF-κB , Silver citrate nanoparticles , MCF-7 cell lines , Cancer , Inflammatory cytokines , Necrosis-factor-alpha , Gold nanoparticles , Cyclooxygenase-2 , Transcription , Somatostatin , Metaanalysis , Aggregation , Antioxidant
Abdellatif, A. A. H., Rasheed, Z., Alhowail, A. H., Alqasoum.i A., Alsharidah, M., Khan, R. A., Aljohani, A. S. M, Aldubayan, M. A., and Faisal,W. (2020) 'Silver Citrate Nanoparticles Inhibit PMA-Induced TNFα Expression via Deactivation of NF-κB Activity in Human Cancer Cell-Lines, MCF-7', International Journal of Nanomedicine, 15, pp. 8479-8493. doi: 10.2147/IJN.S274098