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Application of percolation threshold to disintegration and dissolution of ibuprofen tablets with different microcrystalline cellulose grades
Queiroz, Ana Luiza P.
Crean, Abina M.
The study presented was conducted to determine whether a percolation threshold value, previously determined for ibuprofen/microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) blends using percolation theory and compression data (Queiroz et al., 2019), could translate to tablet disintegration and dissolution data. The influence of MCC grade (air stream dried versus spray dried) on tablet disintegration and dissolution was also investigated. Complementary to conventional disintegration and dissolution testing, Raman imaging determined drug distribution within tablets, and in-line particle video microscopy (PVM) and focused-beam reflectance measurement (FBRM) monitored tablet disintegration. Tablets were prepared containing 0–30% w/w ibuprofen. Raman imaging confirmed the percolation threshold by quantifying the number and equivalent circular diameters of ibuprofen domains on tablet surfaces. Across the percolation threshold, a step change in dissolution behaviour occurred, and tablets containing air stream dried MCC showed slower disintegration rates compared to tablets containing spray dried MCC. Dissolution measurements confirmed experimentally a percolation threshold in agreement with that determined using percolation theory and compression data. An increase in drug domains, due to cluster formation, and less efficient tablet disintegration contributed to slower ibuprofen dissolution above the percolation threshold. Slower dissolution was measured for tablets containing air stream dried compared to spray dried MCC.
Disintegration , Dissolution , Focused-beam reflectance measurement (FBRM) , Microcrystalline cellulose , Raman imaging , Tablets
Queiroz, A. L. P., Wood, B., Faisal, W., Farag, F., Garvie-Cook, H., Glennon, B., Vucen, S. and Crean, A. M. (2020) 'Application of percolation threshold to disintegration and dissolution of ibuprofen tablets with different microcrystalline cellulose grades', International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 589, 119838 (14 pp). doi: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2020.119838