Eating behaviour and weight status at 2 years of age: data from the Cork BASELINE Birth Cohort Study

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McCarthy, Elaine K.
Ní Chaoimh, Carol E.
Murray, Deirdre M.
Hourihane, Jonathan O'B.
Kenny, Louise C.
Kiely, Mairead E.
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Springer Nature
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Background/Objectives: To conduct an analysis of associations between eating behaviours and weight status in 2-year-old children. Subjects/Methods: Data were collected prospectively in the maternal-infant dyad Cork BASELINE Birth Cohort Study. The weight status of children aged 2 years (n=1189) was assigned using the International Obesity Task Force BMI cutoffs using measured heights and weights. Eating behaviours were assessed using the Children’s Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ). Results: Eighty percent of children were of normal weight, 14% were overweight or obese and 6% were underweight. From the CEBQ, food approach behaviours including Enjoyment of Food (odds ratio (OR)=1.90, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.46–2.48) and Food Responsiveness (OR=1.73, 95% CI=1.47–2.03) were associated with overweight/obesity (all P<0.001). The food avoidant behaviours of Satiety Responsiveness (OR=2.03, 95% CI=1.38–2.98) and Slowness in Eating (OR=1.44, 95% CI=1.01–2.04) were associated with underweight at 2 years (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Eating behaviours are associated with weight status as early as 2 years of age.
Birth cohort , Childhood obesity , Childhood underweight , Health consequences , Preschool-children , International survey , Global prevalence , Obesity , Questionnaire , Overweight , Susceptibility , Underweight , Validation , Children's eating behaviour
McCarthy, E. K., Ní Chaoimh, C., Murray, D. M., Hourihane, J. O. B., Kenny, L. C. and Kiely, M. (2015) 'Eating behaviour and weight status at 2 years of age: data from the Cork BASELINE Birth Cohort Study', European Journal Of Clinical Nutrition, 69, pp. 1356-1359. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2015.130
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