Experience based learning (ExBL): Clinical teaching for the twenty-first century

Thumbnail Image
Dornan, Tim
Conn, Richard
Monaghan, Helen
Kearney, Grainne
Gillespie, Hannah
Bennett, Deirdre
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Taylor & Francis
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Journal Issue
The problem: Clinical practice commonly presents new doctors with situations that they are incapable of managing safely. This harms patients and stresses the new doctors and other clinicians. Unpreparedness for practice remains a problem despite changes in curricula from apprenticeship to outcome-based designs. This is unsurprising because capability depends on learning from practical experience in supportive learning environments. To assure the care of patients and well-being of residents, the pedagogy of medical students’ practice-based education is in urgent need of an overhaul.This Guide: Experience based learning (ExBL) is a 21st century pedagogy of practice-based learning, derived from best current theory and evidence. ExBL specifies capabilities that medical students need to acquire from practical experience. It exemplifies how clinicians’ behavior can help students gain experience. It explains how reflection converts real patient learning into capability and identity. It identifies desirable features of learning environments. This Guide advises clinicians, students, placement leads, faculty developers, and other stakeholders how to make new doctors as capable as possible. ExBL is a comprehensive model of medical students’ practice-based learning, which complements competency-based education to prepare new doctors to deliver safe, effective, and compassionate care.
Experience based learning (ExBL) , Clinical teaching , Practice-based learning , Practical capability , Intellectual capability
Dornan, T., Conn, R., Monaghan, H., Kearney, G., Gillespie, H. and Bennett, D. (2019) 'Experience based learning (ExBL): Clinical teaching for the twenty-first century', Medical Teacher, (8pp). [In Press]. DOI: 10.1080/0142159X.2019.1630730