Comparative genome analysis of the Lactobacillus brevis species

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Feyereisen, Marine
Mahony, Jennifer
Kelleher, Philip
Roberts, Richard John
O'Sullivan, Tadhg
Geertman, Jan-Maarten A.
van Sinderen, Douwe
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Background: Lactobacillus brevis is a member of the lactic acid bacteria (LAB), and strains of L. brevis have been isolated from silage, as well as from fermented cabbage and other fermented foods. However, this bacterium is also commonly associated with bacterial spoilage of beer. Results: In the current study, complete genome sequences of six isolated L. brevis strains were determined. Five of these L. brevis strains were isolated from beer (three isolates) or the brewing environment (two isolates), and were characterized as beer-spoilers or non-beer spoilers, respectively, while the sixth isolate had previously been isolated from silage. The genomic features of 19 L. brevis strains, encompassing the six L. brevis strains described in this study and thirteen L. brevis strains for which complete genome sequences were available in public databases, were analyzed with particular attention to evolutionary aspects and adaptation to beer. Conclusions: Comparative genomic analysis highlighted evolution of the taxon allowing niche colonization, notably adaptation to the beer environment, with approximately 50 chromosomal genes acquired by L. brevis beer-spoiler strains representing approximately 2% of their total chromosomal genetic content. These genes primarily encode proteins that are putatively involved in oxidation-reduction reactions, transcription regulation or membrane transport, functions that may be crucial to survive the harsh conditions associated with beer. The study emphasized the role of plasmids in beer spoilage with a number of unique genes identified among L. brevis beer-spoiler strains.
Lactobacillus brevis , SMRT sequencing , Genomics , Pan-genome , Beer adaptation , Beer spoilage
Feyereisen, M., Mahony, J., Kelleher, P., Roberts, R.J., O’Sullivan, T., Geertman, J.M.A. and van Sinderen, D., 2019. Comparative genome analysis of the Lactobacillus brevis species. BMC genomics, 20(1), (416). DOI:10.1186/s12864-019-5783-1