Clinical use of cerebral oximetry in extremely preterm infants is feasible

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Hyttel-Sorensen, Simon
Austin, Topun
van Bel, Frank
Benders, Manon
Claris, Olivier
Dempsey, Eugene M.
Fumagalli, Monica
Gluud, Christian
Hagmann, Cornelia
Hellström-Westas, Lena
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The Danish Medical Association
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Introduction: The research programme Safeguarding the Brains of our smallest Children (SafeBoosC) aims to test the benefits and harms of cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) oximetry in infants born before 28 weeks of gestation. In a phase II trial, infants will be randomised to visible cerebral NIRS oximetry with pre-specified treatment guidelines compared to standard care with blinded NIRS-monitoring. The primary outcome is duration multiplied with the extent outside the normal range of regional tissue oxygen saturation of haemoglobin (rStO2) of 55 to 85% in percentage hours (burden). This study was a pilot of the Visible ­Oximetry Group. Material and methods: This was an observational study including ten infants. Results: The median gestational age was 26 weeks + three days, and the median start-up time was 133 minutes after delivery. The median recording time was 69.7 hours, mean rStO2 was 64.2 ± 4.5%, median burden of hyper- and hy­poxia was 30.3% hours (range 2.8-112.3). Clinical staff responded to an out of range value 29 times – only once to values above 85%. In comparison, there were 83 periods of more than ten minutes with an rStO2 below 55% and four episodes with an rStO2 above 85%. These periods accounted for 72% of the total hypoxia burden. A total of 18 of the 29 interventions were adjustments of FiO2 which in 13 of the 18 times resulted in an out-of-range SpO2. Two infants suffered second-degree burns from the sensor. Five infants died. In all cases, this was unrelated to NIRS monitoring and treatment. Conclusion: The intervention of early cerebral NIRS monitoring proved feasible, but prolonged periods of hypoxia went untreated. Thus, a revision of the treatment guideline and an alarm system is required.
Near infrared spectroscopy , Oxygen saturation , Premature Infants , Hypoxia , SafeBoosC , Cerebral NIRS oximetry
Hyttel-Sorensen, S. et al (2013) 'Clinical use of cerebral oximetry in extremely preterm infants is feasible', Danish Medical Journal, 60 (1): A4533 (5 pp.)