Genetic variants related to urate and risk of Parkinson's disease

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Hughes, Katherine C.
Gao, Xiang
O'Reilly, Éilis J.
Kim, Iris Y.
Wang, Molin
Weisskopf, Marc G.
Schwarzschild, Michael A.
Ascherio, Alberto
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Introduction: Higher urate concentrations have been associated with a lower risk of developing Parkinson's disease (PD) and with slower rates of clinical decline in PD patients. Whether these associations reflect a neuroprotective effect of urate is unclear. Our objective was to assess whether genetic variants that modify circulating urate levels are also associated with altered PD risk. Methods: Participants were from three large ongoing cohort studies: the Nurses' Health Study (NHS), the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS), and the Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort (CPS-IIN). We examined associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in SLC2A9 and other genes involved in urate transport and PD risk using conditional logistic regression among 1451 cases and 3135 matched controls. We assessed associations between SNPs and plasma urate levels in a subset of 1174 control participants with linear regression models. Results: We found the expected associations between SNPs in SLC2A9 and plasma urate levels among men and women; however, SNPs in other genes tended not to be associated with urate. Each SNP in SLC2A9 explained less than 7% of the variance in plasma urate. We did not find significant associations between the SNPs in SLC2A9 and PD risk among men or women. Conclusion: Our results do not support an association between genetic variants associated with circulating urate levels and risk of PD, but larger investigations are needed to determine whether the modest genetic effects on blood urate contribute to predict PD risk.
Parkinson's disease , Urate , Cohort studies , Urate levels
Hughes, K. C., Gao, X., O'Reilly, E. J., Kim, I. Y., Wang, M., Weisskopf, M. G., Schwarzschild, M. A. and Ascherio, A. (2018) 'Genetic variants related to urate and risk of Parkinson's disease', Parkinsonism & Related Disorders, In Press. doi: 10.1016/j.parkreldis.2018.04.031