Biosensors using photonic crystal fibres
Rutowska, Monika S.
University College Cork
In this thesis, we present the unique properties of hollow-core photonic crystal fibres (HC-PCFs) for sensing applications in terms of viscosity detection and DNA sensing using a special poly(ethylene) glycol (PEGDA) hydrogel. The low loss HC-PCFs ensure a long interaction length between the sample and the optical signals. Thus in this thesis, we report the characterisation of filled HC-PCFs and the development of a selective filling process. For the first time, we report the investigation of a new viscometer device, and a new device for DNA sensing development, and also the chemical process for hydrogel growth was adapted to the fibres. By combining HC-PCFs with the hydrogel we enable 3D volumetric sample confinement within the HC-PCF, further increasing the interaction between the sample and the optical signal. However, the hydrogel has a large influence on the guidance properties of the HC-PCF and the HC-PCF has a strong influence on the growth process for the hydrogel itself. When we integrate the hydrogel and HC-PCFs we detect concentration levels as low as 400 nM of labelled DNA. However, using our technology for fluorescence detection we can achieve results two orders of magnitude better than those previously reported.
Photonic crystal fibre , Sensing , Hydrogel , Viscosity
Rutowska, M. S. 2014. Biosensors using photonic crystal fibres. PhD Thesis, University College Cork.