Access to this article is restricted until 12 months after publication by request of the publisher.. Restriction lift date: 2021-11-15
Gender differences in barriers to participation in after-school physical activities and related factors in Australian schoolchildren: a cross-sectional study
O'Hara, Rebecca L.
Broder, Jonathan C.
Grunberg, Diana M. S.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Introduction: This study investigated the gender differences in reported barriers to participation in after‐school physical activity (PA) and related health and socio‐behavioural factors in Australian schoolchildren. Methods: 5001 students aged 10 to 16 years completed the health and well‐being survey in 2014 indicating that they would like to participate in after‐school PA. Negative binomial regression models, stratified by gender, tested the relationship of age, reported health, junk food, participation in leisure PA, TV watching, weight status and socio‐economic index for area score (related factors) with the total number of barriers. Results: Girls were more likely to report a greater number of barriers to participation in after‐school PA than boys (p<0.05). Older age was associated with a higher number of barriers in girls (B(95%CI) = 1.061 (1.032, 1.090)) but not in boys. In both boys and girls, being overweight (boys: very overweight (1.367 (1.081, 1.730)); girls: slightly overweight (1.186 (1.100, 1.278)) or very overweight (1.414 (1.197, 1.667)), compared to students that reported ‘being about the right weight’, was associated with a greater number of barriers. Schoolchildren who reported less than excellent health status perceived a greater number of barriers to after‐school PA (girls: good (1.141 (1.060, 1.228)), fair (1.189 (1.070, 1.321)) and poor health (1.329 (1.093, 1.614)), boys: good health (1.166 (1.0728, 1.267))). Conclusions: There are gender differences in barriers to participation in after‐school PA; these should be taken into account when developing programs to increase schoolchildren’s after‐school PA. So what: The prevalence of physical inactivity in Australian adolescents is staggering. We observed that girls reported a greater number of barriers to participation in after‐school PA than boys; and being overweight and reporting poorer overall health was associated with a greater number of barriers. Affordable, gender‐ and age‐specific after‐school PA programs suitable for schoolchildren of all sizes and abilities are needed.
Adolescent , Child , Exercise , Gender , Schools
Lazarowicz, A., O’Hara, R. L., Broder, J. C., Grunberg, D. M. S. and Gasevic, D. (2020) 'Gender differences in barriers to participation in after-school physical activities and related factors in Australian schoolchildren: a crosssectional study', Health Promotion Journal of Australia. doi:10.1002/hpja.441
© 2020, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Lazarowicz, A., O’Hara, R. L., Broder, J. C., Grunberg, D. M. S. and Gasevic, D. (2020) 'Gender differences in barriers to participation in after-school physical activities and related factors in Australian schoolchildren: a crosssectional study', Health Promotion Journal of Australia, doi:10.1002/hpja.441, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/hpja.441. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.