Trends and prevalence of overweight and obesity in primary school aged children in the Republic of Ireland from 2002-2012: a systematic review

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dc.contributor.author Keane, Eimear
dc.contributor.author Kearney, Patricia M.
dc.contributor.author Perry, Ivan J.
dc.contributor.author Kelleher, Cecily C.
dc.contributor.author Harrington, Janas M.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-01-21T09:30:29Z
dc.date.available 2016-01-21T09:30:29Z
dc.date.issued 2014-10-14
dc.identifier.citation KEANE, E., KEARNEY, P. M., PERRY, I. J., KELLEHER, C. C. & HARRINGTON, J. M. 2014. Trends and prevalence of overweight and obesity in primary school aged children in the Republic of Ireland from 2002-2012: a systematic review. BMC Public Health, 14: 974, 1-15. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-974 en
dc.identifier.volume 15 en
dc.identifier.startpage 1 en
dc.identifier.endpage 15 en
dc.identifier.issn 1471-2458
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/2204
dc.identifier.doi 10.1186/1471-2458-14-974
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity in developed countries appears to be levelling off. As trends in childhood obesity prevalence have not been examined over the past decade in the Republic of Ireland, this systematic review aims to compile and synthesise all available information on the prevalence of overweight and obesity in primary school aged children between 2002 and 2012. METHODS: Systematic review of published and grey literature containing data on objectively measured height and weight. Inclusion criteria included studies where data was collected between 2002 and 2012 from at least 200 primary school aged children in the Republic of Ireland. Database searching, Google searching, reference searching and contact with obesity experts was undertaken. Overweight, obesity and morbid obesity were defined using standard International Obesity Taskforce definitions. Study quality was assessed. RESULTS: Fourteen studies (16 prevalence estimates) met the inclusion criteria. The combined prevalence of overweight and obesity within the studies ranged from 20-34%. No significant trend in overweight prevalence over time was observed (p=0.6). However, there was evidence of a slight decrease in obesity prevalence over the period (p=0.01), with a similar though non-significant decline in the prevalence of morbid obesity (p=0.2). CONCLUSION: The findings of this systematic review require cautious interpretation though the prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity in the Republic of Ireland has reached a plateau and may be falling. These findings provide some ground for optimism though the current plateau is at an unacceptably high level. Thus current population based preventive strategies need to be sustained and intensified. en
dc.description.sponsorship Health Research Board, HRB Centre for Health and Diet Research; National Children's Research Centre, Dublin en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Biomed Central Ltd. en
dc.rights © 2014 Keane et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd., 2014. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated. en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ en
dc.subject Ireland en
dc.subject Prevalence en
dc.subject Trends en
dc.subject Obesity en
dc.subject Children en
dc.subject Body mass index en
dc.subject Childhood obesity en
dc.subject Physical activity en
dc.subject Intervention en
dc.subject Cohort en
dc.subject Adolescents en
dc.subject Worldwide en
dc.subject Weight en
dc.subject Height en
dc.title Trends and prevalence of overweight and obesity in primary school aged children in the Republic of Ireland from 2002-2012: a systematic review en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Eimear Keane, Epidemiology & Public Health, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-420-5532 Email: Eimear.Keane@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.description.version Published Version en
dc.contributor.funder Health Research Board en
dc.contributor.funder National Children’s Research Centre, Ireland en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle BMC Public Health en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Open Access articles licensed via CC-BY 4.0 with UCC affiliated authors. Uploaded Jan 2016. en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress eimear.keane@ucc.ie en
dc.identifier.articleid 974


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© 2014 Keane et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd., 2014. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2014 Keane et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd., 2014. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
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